Menopause is what?
Menopause is the end of a woman’s menstruation forever, and it is a physiological stage that every woman has to go through.
At this stage, Women’s bodies can undergo some changes, such as uncomfortable symptoms such as hot flashes. Although this is not a disease, the quality of life of menopausal women will indeed be affected. However, if you can pay attention to changes in your endocrine system at this stage and take corresponding measures, you can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases or osteoporosis in the future.
Is there a what reason for menopause?
Age: The most common cause of menopause is age. After childbearing age, ovarian function will gradually decline.
Some operations and drugs: ovariectomy, chemotherapy and pelvic radiotherapy can also lead to menopause. If it is ovarian-preserving hysterectomy, it can also lead to menopause, but it will not cause other symptoms of menopause.
The specific age of menopause varies greatly from individual to individual, and there is no reliable prediction method in what. According to statistics, the average age is 51 years old, but it is possible to reach 40 years old as early as possible and 60 years old as late as possible. Women who smoke may have menopause earlier than those who do not smoke. Menopause can only be diagnosed when there is no menstruation for a year in a row.
How to deal with perimenopause?
From ovarian function to menopause, it is called perimenopause.
Although the menstrual cycle is becoming more and more irregular and the function of the ovary is declining, women may still have irregular ovulation and may still become pregnant.
The symptoms of every woman during perimenopause vary greatly. Some have no symptoms at all, while others are very painful. Especially for menopause caused by surgery, chemotherapy and other human reasons, the adaptation process will be very difficult.
Pharma of Menopause: Cyclic Changes
Before menopause, the menstrual cycle of many women will change, some will become longer and others will become shorter.
Although periodic changes are normal, if there is irregular bleeding or the cycle is less than one week, you still need to consult a doctor.
One symptom: hot flashes
Hot flashes are the most common symptoms before and after menopause.
Women often suddenly feel hot, with blushes and red necks. Some people also have temporary red rashes on their chests, back or arms, and then they may sweat and shiver. The duration of hot flashes ranges from 30 seconds to 10 minutes.
Regular exercise, wearing light and light clothes, avoiding spicy food and adjusting your mood can help you relieve this situation.
Symptom 2: Sleep Problems
Most of the sleep problems before and after menopause are caused by hot flashes at night. You can try the following methods to relieve them:
Put a fan beside the bed;
Don’t cover too thick a quilt;
Wear pure cotton pajamas;
Prepare a wet towel and wipe your body after sweating.
Don’t sleep with pets;
If the problem has been serious, you can consult your doctor if you need drugs to help you sleep.
Symptom 3: Sex Discord
During menopause, sexual desire will also decrease, which may be related to changes in hormone levels, increased stress, medication and poor sleep.
Sex discord, should actively take measures to solve. For example, estrogen reduction will lead to a decrease in vaginal secretions, sexual intercourse may feel discomfort or pain, can try to use lubricants. Menopause also has the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, should pay attention to safety.
What if the symptoms are serious?
When menstruation starts to be irregular, [short-acting oral contraceptives] can be used to help regulate the cycle, antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs or other drugs can improve hot flashes symptoms, external estrogen ointment can be used to prevent vaginal inflammation, and attention should also be paid to actively improving lifestyle, adjusting diet and exercise.
When menopausal symptoms seriously affect normal life and work, you should consult a doctor to determine whether hormone replacement therapy can be used. FDA recommends using the minimum dose and the shortest possible time if it is effective. Some studies have found that long-term hormone replacement therapy may increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, thrombosis and breast cancer.
Change your life and meet a new starting point.
Hormone replacement therapy cannot reduce the incidence of heart disease and stroke. Due to the reduction of estrogen, women should pay special attention to cardiovascular and bone health at this stage.
However, it is not too late to start a healthy life from perimenopause, which can also help reduce the risk of the above diseases.
In addition to adjusting your diet and mood according to your actual situation, you can also change your lifestyle from the following points:
Regular examination: start to monitor their blood pressure, blood lipid and blood sugar levels, carry out breast self-examination every day, and regularly carry out mammography or B-ultrasound examination. Aerobic exercise: improve cardiopulmonary function, reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular accidents, and help regulate blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid levels; Strength training: Helps maintain bone health.
Although youth is good, postmenopausal life can also be wonderful. Learn to take menopause as the starting point of a new life. Don’t always miss the old days and lament that beauty is dying. You will find different highlights.
Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan