Do you know all the common knowledge of gynecology that these girls should know?

Girl, only when you know yourself better can you better protect your health.

Daily Nursing for Girls

    Step 1 Wipe from front to back

    The wiping directions after defecation and urination are different: women are prone to urinary tract infection due to their physiological structure, and women’s pelvic cavity is prone to upward infection due to communication with the outside world through fallopian tubes, uterus and vagina.

    Therefore, in order to avoid mutual pollution of urethral orifice, anus and vaginal orifice, the best way is to wipe from the front to the back regardless of defecation or urination.

    Step 2 Change sanitary napkins frequently

    During menstruation, change sanitary napkins frequently no matter how much or how little. If tampons are used, put them in for no more than 8 hours.

    STEP 3 Record the time of menstruation

    Record the time of menstruation in a planned way to see how the rules are: some come once a month, some come once every 20 days or so, and some come only once every three months. As long as the rules are regular, they are normal.

    However, menorrhagia occurs frequently in women, and special attention should be paid to the occurrence of anemia at all times. If it seriously affects daily life, it is also possible to adjust the menstrual cycle through medical means, usually taking short-acting oral contraceptives to treat menstrual cycle disorders.

    4. Change underwear frequently and use less pads.

    When secretions are large, pads can be used. Due to poor air permeability of pads, attention should be paid to timely replacement. At the same time, frequent change of underwear is a better choice than the use of pads.

    Underwear should be made of cotton as far as possible, with excellent air permeability and sweat absorption, which can keep fresh.

    5. Vaginal flushing is not necessary, vulva cleaning is very important.

    Many women think the vagina is unclean.

    Because it is relatively close to the urethra and anus, it is also the channel of menstrual blood, and it is also the necessary reproductive organ, so the vagina must be cleaned.

    This understanding is wrong. It is precisely because of the particularity of the anatomical position and physiological function of the vagina that the vagina has formed a self-purification function in the process of human evolution. Improper flushing will destroy the physiological balance of the vagina itself, affect the self-purification function of the vagina and cause infection.

    So the most recommended cleaning method is what?

    The answer is to scrub the vulva with clear water every night to keep it dry and clean, and pay attention to cleaning the vulva before and after sex.

    The key words of this sentence are: clear water, scrubbing, vulva. Do not use any lotion without disease.

    Vulvar self-examination is very important.

    The problem of vulvar self-examination, the situation encountered by the six floors shows polarization.

    On the one hand, some people have to stare at it for a long time every day and check it over and over again. On the other hand, some people did not pay attention to it at all. They did not think of it until after the problem occurred. They should pay more attention at ordinary times.

    First of all, we should remind everyone that self-examination is very important. This girl’s first step to understand her own situation is to hope that every girl can attach importance to vulvar self-examination and not be ashamed to face her own body.

    The method of self-checking is also very simple, only a small mirror is needed to complete it.

    Self-examination is divided into observation and touch. Please carefully clean vulva and hands before self-examination to avoid unnecessary infection.

    1. Observe the shape of vulva

    The shape of vulva is different from person to person, everyone is different, don’t have to be too upset because of their own shape, color, etc. Six floors did see many girls because they found their bilateral labia minora size is not consistent, then had surgery, this is completely unnecessary.

    Step 2 Observe the pubic hair

    In addition, observing the growth and changes of pubic hair can sometimes reflect the abnormality of hormone level.

    3. Observe vulvar skin

    It is mainly observed from the aspects of color, smoothness, skin integrity and skin protrusion.

      Color: mainly depends on whether there is redness, swelling, whitening, etc. Smooth degree: mainly to eliminate vulvar skin lesions, observe whether rough; Skin integrity: mainly depends on whether there is obvious ulceration, sinus tract, but also pay attention to whether there are vegetations, etc. The protruding aspect of skin: it is necessary to pay attention to whether there are vulvar cysts and other different changes from before.

    4. Vulvar touch self-test

    It is mainly through contact, pressing and other means to judge whether there are symptoms such as pain, swelling and pruritus. At the same time, it is also possible to judge whether there are cysts and other pathological changes through touch. This information is often the manifestation of some diseases.

    At this point, you should understand the importance of self-inspection, right?

    5. What if an abnormality is found?

    For the problems found in the self-examination, such as redness and swelling, vegetations, etc., if it does not affect daily life, it is recommended to observe whether these symptoms have obvious changes first.

    For example, some vegetations may not change for a month after observation, nor will there be any problems such as collapse. Without affecting life, special treatment is not required.

    Some are red and swollen, which may only be a transient inflammatory stimulation symptom. Pay attention to the absence of vulva after cleaning, and no special treatment is needed.

    If these symptoms change in a short period of time, or are very anxious about these symptoms, then it is recommended that you go to the hospital and let a gynecologist help you judge whether these conditions need to be dealt with.

    Prevention of urinary tract infection

    Because women’s genitourinary tract is relatively close and urethra is relatively short, women are much more likely to suffer from urinary system infection than men.

    Generally, the symptoms of urinary tract infection include urgent urination and frequent urination, that is, they are very urgent when they have the intention to urinate. They must go to the toilet more frequently, but the amount of urine each time is not very large. Sometimes when urinating, they will feel pain in the lower abdomen or irritating pain in the urethral orifice.

    The best way to prevent urinary tract infection is to drink more water, urinate more, wash away bacteria in the urethra in time, and at the same time pay attention not to hold your urine.

    If symptoms of urinary tract infection occur, medication should be taken under the guidance of a doctor when necessary. If the delay does not heal, upper urinary tract infection may occur, affecting renal function.

    Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan

    The article was reprinted by Clove Garden authorized by the author.