As an important male reproductive organ, the health status and daily health care of [balls] may often be neglected. What situations may require seeing a doctor? How to protect [balls] in daily life?
What is a normal [ball] like?
Generally speaking, the [egg] includes the testis and the epididymis attached to the posterior and upper part of the testis.
The testicles are two slightly flat ellipsoids, hanging on both sides of the scrotum. Usually one side is slightly larger than the other side, and the right side is slightly higher than the left side. The average length of the adult testicles is about 4 ~ 5 cm, the width is about 2.5 cm, and the anterior and posterior diameter is about 3 cm. The shape is like pebbles of the same size.
However, testicular size is related to factors such as race and height, and there are great differences between different races.
What are [balls] used for?
The size of the testis, the main function of which is to produce sperm and secrete androgen, is often used as a reference index to measure the reproductive function of men. Too small a testis volume may cause dysfunction, but this is not absolute and requires professional measurement by doctors to determine.
Above the back of the testis is the epididymis, where sperm matures. The epididymis goes up again and connects the vas deferens. Sperm is produced by the testis, and it takes 3 months to process the epididymis until it matures. Men begin to produce sperm by the testis when they are about 14 years old, and the function of the testis begins to weaken when they are 40 years old.
Since balls are so important and dominate sperm production, is it protected by what?
The answer is the scrotum, which looks wrinkled, black and inconspicuous. The scrotum is soft and elastic, and covers the balls like a bag. More importantly, the scrotum can regulate the temperature through skin expansion and perspiration, keeping the temperature low, which is conducive to the healthy development of sperm.
Be careful in this way
1. [I have only one ball? ]
If you find that there has always been only one lonely egg in the scrotum, you are likely to suffer from cryptorchidism.
Cryptorchidism is a congenital malformation of the genitourinary system, which refers to a baby boy who has no testis or only one testis in the scrotum after birth. This situation may not be detected, but it will cause a series of adverse consequences.
If the testis [settles] in the groin and other places, because the surrounding environment is harder than the scrotum and the temperature is higher than that in the scrotum, the testis will be more vulnerable to injury and the testis will not be able to produce mature sperm. If both sides are cryptorchidism, infertility may occur. What is more serious is that malignant transformation may occur.
Six months after birth, if the child still does not have two testicles in the scrotum, the chances of the testicles descending into the scrotum by themselves are extremely small. If you have never noticed that you or your child have several balls in the scrotum, touch them now. Once found, treat them immediately.
2. [My egg hurts! ]
If the testicles are obviously injured by external forces (such as ball games, riding straddle injuries or being kicked), the feeling of egg pain will definitely be unforgettable. However, the testicles themselves seldom suffer from pain. If there is pain, you should seek medical treatment in time.
Inflammation such as epididymitis and orchitis is often the cause of pain, and there will also be redness and swelling.
Testicular torsion is also a possible cause of pain. This kind of situation is common in teenagers under the age of 20, mostly in sleep or just get up, it may also be a sudden onset after strenuous exercise. The onset of the disease will not only cause severe pain in the scrotum, but also nausea and vomiting. This kind of situation should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible, otherwise torsion will cause ischemia, and testicular necrosis will occur for too long.
Egg pain is also partly caused by involved pain. Involved pain refers to internal organs lesions but cause pain in some parts of the body surface. For example, kidney stones, ureteral stones, etc., may cause scrotal or testicular pain, need to go to the hospital for further examination.
3. [Why is my balls much bigger on one side than on the other? ]
Normally, One testicle is slightly larger than the other. But if one testicle is significantly larger, Or there is an abnormal lump in the scrotum, it is necessary to pay attention to the possibility of testicular sheath effusion, scrotal hernia, scrotal abscess or hematoma, and even testicular tumor. In some cases, there may not be obvious pain, but if you find an abnormal lump, you must see a doctor in time.
4. [My vaginal cyst! ]
The scrotum, as the [coat] to protect the eggs and the [air conditioner] to protect the sperm development environment, also deserves attention to the symptoms reflected.
If curved and dilated veins can be seen on the scrotal surface, it is often caused by varicocele. Severe varicocele can cause infertility, and surgical treatment is required if the symptoms are obviously severe.
Scrotal edema may be part of systemic edema, or may be caused by local factors such as inflammation, allergic reaction, obstruction of venous blood or lymphatic reflux, etc.
In addition, scrotal eczema can also lead to scrotal swelling.
Health care [of balls]
Eggs are so important to us and there are so many related diseases, we should also pay enough attention to them in daily life. If the balls have related discomfort symptoms, it is the right solution to go to a regular hospital in time.
For the health care of balls, it is very important to avoid the high temperature for a long time.
In general, we seldom have direct contact with high temperature, but we should pay attention to some unconscious behaviors that cause indirect local high temperature. Keep the balls at a comfortable temperature, pay attention to the following points:
Do not take a hot bath for a long time, especially in a bath or bathtub.
Sitting for a long time, especially crossing your legs or sitting on a soft sofa, will also cause local high temperature. It is best to walk from time to time and not be too reserved in your sitting posture.
Try not to wear tight pants for a long time.
Eggs grow outside to avoid abdominal high temperature, but this increases the risk of trauma. Even if our balls are slightly stressed, there will be obvious discomfort. If the external force is heavy, it will be a big deal. Therefore, in activities, especially ball games, protective measures should be taken when necessary.
Finally, there are tens of millions of causes of infertility, and not all of them can be blamed on the balls.