The process of raising children to grow up is the process of stepping on the pit, falling off the pit, patting the dust and getting up again. However, the later you learn some knowledge, the more pits you fall into, and the more tired you will be with your baby.
If there is an opportunity for professional pediatricians, pediatricians, dentists, dermatologists and nutritionists to teach some tips on the way to take babies in advance, does it feel very profitable?
In fact, our doctors have a lot of knowledge about parenting, so let’s release 30 of them today!
The pediatrician wants to say
1. Don’t cover your baby’s fever and reduce it.
Children’s thermoregulatory center function is immature, heat production is large, and imbalance between heat production and heat dissipation is easy to occur. Forcibly covering sweat is easy to cause heat covering syndrome and endanger children’s lives.
The best way to cool down physically is to wear less, cover less and turn on the air conditioner. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen are the only recommended antipyretics for babies.
2. The baby has a lot of nasal mucus. Try physiological seawater.
Through nasal mucus, dust and microorganisms in the air can be brought out. Forcibly blowing her nose may cause nasal mucosa damage.
Use physiological seawater to wash your nose, drop one drop and flush it. It is comfortable and has no side effects.
3. Don’t take cough medicine for your baby’s cough.
Cough is the body’s self-protection mechanism, there is no need to rush to relieve cough. Common antitussive drugs are mostly compound ingredients, including codeine, phenagen, dextromethorphan, etc., which are not recommended for children under 4 years old.
Drink more milk under June, drink more water over 6 months, and take 2 ~ 5 mL of honey over 1 year old, which can relieve cough symptoms.
4. Antibiotics can be taken orally without infusion as much as possible.
Infusion, injection and other methods have faster drug effect and are accompanied by more risks of adverse reactions, the most common of which is allergy. In addition, it may also cause adverse reactions such as hemolysis, local stimulation and electrolyte disturbance.
If the baby is diagnosed with antibiotics, oral administration is safer for the child.
5. Children’s diarrhea, prevention of dehydration is more important than antidiarrhea
When the child is slightly dehydrated, the oral and lip mucosa will be slightly dry, with fewer tears, slightly sunken anterior fontanelle and less urine volume. Severe dehydration will lead to shock and death.
In case of diarrhea, the baby can be given rehydration salt III to quickly replenish lost electrolyte and prevent dehydration.
6. Eating bananas cannot improve constipation.
The content of dietary fiber in bananas is not high, and the effect of preventing constipation is limited. Eating immature bananas will aggravate constipation.
Fruits such as pitaya, pear and prune are rich in dietary fiber, which is more helpful to prevent constipation.
7. There is no magic medicine that can improve immunity.
Children’s immunity is jointly established by a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate sleep and regular vaccination.
At present, there is no evidence to prove that there are drugs or health products that can improve immunity. Cover your wallet and don’t spend money indiscriminately!
8. The second type of vaccine will be given to Eva if you have money.
Each vaccine can prevent the corresponding type of diseases, and type 2 vaccines are as important as type 1 vaccines.
As long as the economy is well off, it is recommended to give children Class II vaccines.
The child care doctor wants to say
9. Trace element detection is not necessary.
The results of trace element examination are inaccurate and cannot be used as a standard to measure the content of trace elements in babies. In 2013, the State Health and Planning Commission officially stopped it.
It is more important to ensure the baby’s balanced diet than to pay attention to trace elements.
10. Bone mineral density examination is not required.
At present, ultrasound examination is widely used, while children’s ultrasound examination lacks reference value standards and cannot reflect whether the baby is calcium deficient.
As long as the child’s milk quantity and dairy products intake are sufficient, vitamin D is regularly supplemented every day, and there is no symptom of vitamin D deficiency, there is no need to do examination.
11. Learn to walk, don’t use a walker.
Children do not have the ability to control the speed of the walker, which may lead to accidents such as climbing down stairs, scalding, drowning, etc., and may also promote the growth of the walker.
Children’s walking is a natural process. They don’t need a walker or a walker belt. They can crawl.
12. Before the age of 2, it is normal for legs not to be straight.
Most children in infancy, due to growth and development or walking habits, will experience O-leg, X-leg switching back and forth. By the age of 7-8, the leg shape will slowly straighten and return to normal.
Want to tie leggings to the child? It’s no use tying zongzi! Be careful that you really hurt Eva!
13. Baby eat hands, don’t worry too much
Eating hands is a kind of self-comforting behavior, which can exercise the baby’s motor sensory system, create more sensory stimulation for oneself and promote brain development.
Before the age of 2, eat as you like and remember to wash your hands.
14. It is not necessary to pee with excrement.
Putting excrement into urine too early will hinder the formation of children’s autonomous defecation consciousness. Children usually need to be 4 years old before they can skillfully control their defecation and urination.
Why do you have to fight with Eva for shit and fart? Diapers ready, let yourself and Eva go ~
The dermatologist wants to say
15. Do not lose sun protection
Exposed to ultraviolet radiation, children’s immature skin will face a higher risk of burns and even increase the probability of skin cancer in the future.
Six months ago, try to wear long clothes and trousers for children and carry out physical sun protection.
After 6 months, use physical sunscreen containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, and don’t miss it when applying it on your neck or behind your ears.
One white covers all ugliness, and there is nothing wrong with starting from an early age.
16. Moisturize eczema
Eczema does not occur because the skin is too wet, but because the skin is too dry, it will aggravate eczema.
You can choose moisturizing cream as your daily moisturizing sealant, which is safe and effective. Once you buy a large bowl, you will not feel heartache when you run out!
17. Diapers do not cover red farts.
Diapers do not cover the red buttocks, but only need to be cleaned, moisturized and sealed, and apply hip protection cream containing zinc oxide or Vaseline to effectively improve the red buttocks.
A little more will work, don’t loathe to give up!
18. Don’t use prickly heat powder
The prickly heat powder will block the sweat glands when it meets sweat, and it will be used as a pit baby.
Long prickly heat, as long as do cool, clean, dry, can relieve more than half. At the same time, smearing calamine lotion can effectively relieve pruritus caused by prickly heat.
19. Mosquito repellent buckle and mosquito repellent bracelet are useless,
Mosquito repellent bracelets and watches have a small radiation range and have very limited effect on the areas covered unless……
It is safe and convenient to buy mosquito repellent water containing mosquito repellent ester, DEET or ecaradine.
The dentist wants to say
20. Brush your teeth after your baby is born.
The good habit of brushing teeth is cultivated after birth, which can effectively reduce the dental caries rate after deciduous teeth are produced.
Parents dip clean gauze in water to clean the baby’s mouth after the baby has finished eating milk, before going to bed and after getting up.
21. Fluoride toothpaste must be used for brushing teeth.
Fluoride toothpaste can effectively prevent baby tooth decay.
For babies who cannot spit out mouthwash, parents should control the amount of toothpaste to the size of 1 grain of rice, and for children who can already spit out mouthwash, the toothpaste should be controlled to the size of 1 pea.
This dose can prevent caries and will not cause fluorosis.
22. Brush your child’s teeth until he is 6 years old.
Babies before the age of 6 cannot complete all the movements in the process of brushing their teeth independently. In order to ensure the health of their children’s teeth, parents need to help their children brush their teeth until they are 6 years old.
23. Deciduous teeth cannot be ignored if they are decayed.
A deciduous tooth takes 6-10 years, and the growth of permanent teeth will also be affected if the deciduous tooth is decayed.
If dental caries occurs in the child’s deciduous teeth, parents should take the child to a professional stomatology department for treatment as soon as possible, and don’t wait for a tooth change!
The nutritionist wants to say
24. Babies do not need to drink water for 6 months.
For babies within 6 months, the stomach volume is very small. Excessive water feeding will affect milk intake and is not conducive to the growth and development of the baby.
In daily feeding, ensuring sufficient milk can meet the water needs of children.
25. Milk powder does not have to be drunk until the age of 3.
After the age of 1, [milk] is no longer the main source of nutrition for babies, more nutrition comes from reasonably matched supplementary foods, and it is not necessary to drink formula milk all the time.
At this time, pure milk can be used as a good substitute for formula milk to supplement protein, which is convenient and affordable ~
26. High-speed rice noodles are the best first-bite supplementary food.
After 4 ~ 6 months of age, breast milk begins to fail to meet the nutrition needed by the baby’s physical development, and the most important nutrient element is iron.
Muddy foods rich in iron, such as high-iron rice noodles, are the best choice for babies’ first supplementary food.
27. Don’t eat meat too late
Adding red meat too late will easily lead to insufficient intake of iron in babies. Severe cases will lead to iron deficiency anemia and affect growth and development.
Six months after birth, you can eat meat properly just after adding supplementary foods to your child. Red meat such as pork and beef is rich in heme iron, which is an important source of iron for your baby.
28. Do not eat salt, sugar or honey within 1 year old.
Early intake of salt and sugar will increase the burden on children’s kidneys. Botox spores in honey can easily lead to food poisoning.
There is still a long way to go, and daily necessities will be tasted slowly.
29. Children with sufficient milk will not lack calcium.
Before half a year old, healthy full-term babies fed with breast milk or formula milk have sufficient milk and will not lack calcium. After half a year old, on the basis of ensuring milk quantity, what will eat balanced supplementary foods and will not lack calcium.
Milk Volume Reference:
6 ~ 12 months, 600 ~ 800 mL;
1 ~ 3 years old, 360 ~ 480mL;
4 ~ 6 years old, 300 ~ 400mL.
30. Vitamin D should be supplemented until it is old!
Vitamin D is the only nutrient element that needs to be supplemented from birth to old age. The VD content in food is very small and must be satisfied by taking additional supplements.
A few days after the birth of a healthy full-term baby (no more than 2 weeks), if outdoor activities are less, it is recommended to supplement vitamin D at a unit of 400 IU per day, and it should be supplemented until the baby is old ~