With the changes of living standards and environment, myocardial infarction, stroke and other diseases have gradually become major diseases threatening health.
The occurrence of myocardial infarction, stroke and other diseases is closely related to vascular health, and [angiosclerosis] is an important indicator to judge vascular health.
What is the [arteriosclerosis] going on? How to deal with and prevent it?
Blood vessels, like water pipes, will [age] and harden.
We often compare blood vessels to water pipes. Water pipes will scale, age, harden and become brittle over time. And our blood vessels will also [scale] [age], but what grows in blood vessels is not scale, but [atherosclerotic plaque].
At present, research believes that people with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking and alcoholism are more likely to suffer from [atherosclerosis], which is often referred to as [atherosclerosis].
When plaque is formed, the blood vessel wall will become thicker and harder, and the diameter of the vessel will become smaller, resulting in stenosis or even blockage.
Friends who pay attention to health must know that myocardial infarction and stroke (cerebral infarction) are also caused by blocked blood vessels and organ ischemia. However, the blood vessels in the legs are blocked and may fester in the legs.
Hospital examination can find angiosclerosis.
Often some friends will ask [which is uncomfortable with me, is there arteriosclerosis? This blood vessel of mine feels a little hardened. It is arteriosclerosis, if it weren’t for something to eat? ]
It is unlikely that ordinary people can find angiosclerosis through symptoms and touching blood vessels. However, angiosclerosis can be found through examination:
Chest radiograph: aorta tortuous, widened, accompanied by local calcification;
Color Doppler ultrasound of neck vessels: carotid artery intima-media is irregular and obviously thickened, with hyperechoic plaques and heterogeneous echoes.
Vascular contrast-enhanced CT angiography: Contrast agent filling defect and lumen stenosis were found in abdominal aorta, external iliac artery and superficial femoral artery.
The [intimal thickening, calcification, plaque] mentioned in these examination reports is also commonly referred to as [angiosclerosis].
The blood vessels are sclerotic? This is the right way to deal with it.
If doctors have confirmed [angiosclerosis] through angiography, vascular color Doppler ultrasound, chest radiograph and other examinations, they should pay attention to adjusting diet and need drugs and surgical treatment when necessary.
1. Adjust diet and exercise moderately
Reduce the intake of animal fat and saturated fatty acid vegetable oil, specifically, eat less fat, lard, bone marrow and cream. Eat more fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C and high fiber.
Insist on exercise and ensure that you exercise 4 ~ 6 times a week for more than 30 minutes each time. Fast walking, cycling, swimming, push-ups and dumbbell lifting are all good forms of exercise.
2. Necessary medication, surgery
In addition to adjusting diet and paying attention to exercise, some [angiosclerosis] also need to use drugs such as reducing blood lipid and preventing thrombosis according to doctor’s advice. These drugs can stabilize [atherosclerotic plaques] on blood vessels and prevent plaques from falling off, forming thrombosis and blocking blood vessels as much as possible.
However, for some patients with serious [angiosclerosis] or even vascular blockage, minimally invasive surgery may be required to open the narrow blood vessels to ensure blood flow.
3. Listen to the doctor and have regular physical examination.
Adjusting diet, moderate exercise and drug therapy can stabilize plaque and prevent plaque from falling off and blood vessels from being blocked. However, these measures cannot really soften blood vessels and completely avoid blood vessel blockage.
Therefore, if the doctor clearly has [angiosclerosis], he must listen to the doctor and conduct regular physical examination according to his own situation so as to find out the aggravation of the disease as early as possible.
Is the legendary [softening blood vessels] food useful?
Some friends may have heard of some foods that [soften blood vessels], such as onions, agaric, garlic, etc. Can they really [soften blood vessels]?
In recent years, some studies have indeed found that unsaturated fatty acids (mainly oleic acid) in olive oil; Allicin, sulfide, adenosine, etc. in garlic and onion; Lycopene in tomatoes has certain antithrombotic effect.
However, this does not mean that [eating these foods can soften blood vessels], nor can it be said that [eating these foods can treat angiosclerosis].
For friends who have already made it clear that [angiosclerosis], they must listen to the doctor’s advice and review it regularly. Don’t think about [eating something can cure angiosclerosis]. The best way to treat [angiosclerosis] is to adjust their diet and life and add necessary drugs.
Stay away from [angiosclerosis] and start from now on!
No matter how good the drug effect is or how small the operation is, it is not as good as [preventing angiosclerosis]. Although [angiosclerosis] cannot be completely avoided, the following points can delay the occurrence of [angiosclerosis] to the greatest extent possible.
1. Actively Control [Three Highs]
Some studies have shown that hyperlipidemia, hypertension and smoking can increase the risk of illness by 7 times. Therefore, for friends with [three highs], we must control blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid.
Step 2 Quit smoking
Active and passive smoking will increase the risk of [angiosclerosis] by damaging vascular endothelium, hypercoagulable blood, increasing oxidation of low density lipoprotein, etc.
3. Low-salt, low-fat diet
Ensure a low-salt and low-fat diet: eat less saturated fatty acids and animal fats, such as animal oil and animal viscera; Eat less salt and ensure that salt does not exceed 6 g per day, i.e. A bottle cap.
4. Don’t take medicine indiscriminately,
All preventive and therapeutic drugs must be carried out under the guidance of doctors and regular monitoring. Taking drugs indiscriminately will bring harm to the body.
5. Regular physical examination is required if you are not ill.
Even friends who do not have [angiosclerosis] or other diseases should have regular physical examination to know their blood lipid and blood pressure levels.
It is suggested that friends over 60 years old should routinely check cervical vertebra artery B-ultrasound during physical examination so as to find and treat them as early as possible.