More and more post-85 and post-90 are setting up families and becoming parents. However, among them, there are a large number of such a group of people who have become chronic hepatitis B patients due to various reasons. In daily life, they are no different from ordinary people, but when facing the problem of marriage and children, they have more worries than ordinary people.
Although everyone knows the importance of injecting hepatitis B vaccine, can there be no problem with hepatitis B vaccine? Does hepatitis B treatment drug affect pregnancy? How do you protect your spouse’s health at ordinary times? These problems have always troubled them.
Dr. Clove has talked many times about how to prepare for pregnancy for female hepatitis B patients. You can read < < hepatitis B pregnant women, how to give birth to a healthy baby? > >.
This article will talk about how to deal with hepatitis B when the man suffers from hepatitis B.
We don’t need to [turn pale at the mention of liver] for hepatitis B at all. Both theory and practice have proved that even between husband and wife, it is completely possible to avoid hepatitis B infection as long as protective measures are taken.
The most important thing is, for hepatitis B this matter, husband and wife should have an open attitude to face together. Both sides should communicate and master the control of hepatitis B, especially the viral load of hepatitis B (HBV-DNA), which is one of the most important indicators of hepatitis B infection. Generally speaking, the higher the indicator, the more frequent the virus activity, the stronger the infectivity.
For the party without infection, the most important thing is to inject hepatitis B vaccine and regularly check the changes of antibodies in their bodies, so as to maintain the antibody titer above 10 international units/ml as far as possible.
The transmission route of hepatitis B among adults is mainly blood or body fluids. Therefore, condoms are recommended for contraceptive methods in the sexual life of husband and wife, which can give consideration to the purposes of contraception and prevention to the greatest extent.
Safe pregnancy preparation
There are two main ways for the husband to be infected with hepatitis B and affect the newborn:
- The husband infects his wife first and then infects the newborn through his wife. Hepatitis B virus takes sperm as carrier and directly infects fetus.
No matter which way, controlling the number of hepatitis B virus in the body is the key.
When planning pregnancy, five items of hepatitis B and HBV-DNA should be checked. If the virus is in the active phase, antiviral therapy should be started to reduce the level of HBV-DNA and avoid pregnancy during the active phase of the virus.
Others will worry about whether the drugs used by their husbands to control hepatitis B will affect their children. In fact, this kind of worry is unnecessary. At present, neither clinical use nor male animal research has found that hepatitis B drugs can cause teratology.
At present, no country has graded the effects of drugs on male fertility. It is generally believed that even if these antiviral drugs really have effects on male sperm, the most important effect is the quantity and quality of sperm, making pregnancy more difficult than affecting the health of newborns.
Even if the above points of attention are achieved, the mother cannot rest easy after pregnancy.
In addition to regular physical examination, more importantly, hepatitis B vaccine must be injected within 24 hours after the child is born, and hepatitis B immunoglobulin can also be injected for passive prevention.
One more word: There are also mothers who find themselves carrying hepatitis B only after their children are born, Worry about not being able to breast-feed your child. In fact, this kind of worry is unnecessary, including the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other authoritative organizations believe that it is safe for hepatitis B mothers to breast-feed their newborns after formal prevention. More content, can also read < < breast milk is the best, hepatitis B mothers are no exception > >.
If other people in the family have chronic hepatitis B infection, don’t worry too much about their contact with the baby. In daily life, hugging, sneezing and even feeding will not spread hepatitis B, as long as direct blood contact is avoided.
If the newborn has received regular immunization, hepatitis B patients can also take care of the baby. Please do not easily deprive hepatitis B patients of the right to take care of the child.
Responsible Editor: Zhang Jingyuan