I believe everyone knows that the ultimate goal of gout control is to control uric acid level and avoid gouty arthritis, gout nodules and kidney damage.
Gouty arthritis is also what we call gout attack and joint pain, which is the most easily felt harm of gout and is also the power source that urges many friends to seriously control uric acid.
To prevent gout attacks, drug therapy is indispensable, and besides drug therapy, it is also very important to pay attention to some details of life.
I. Non-smoking Alcohol
Alcohol abstinence is easy for everyone to understand and accept, because cocktail parties reduce uric acid excretion, especially beer.
Although smoking is not directly related to gout, smoking is a high-risk factor for metabolic syndrome, which is closely related to hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, high uric acid, etc. In addition, smokers are also prone to cancer, impotence, etc., so friends with gout should try their best to quit smoking.
Second, pay attention to diet
Excessive intake of high purine and high fructose foods and beverages will affect uric acid levels and induce gout, so it is essential to control high purine and high fructose intake.
Can appropriately increase the intake of alkaline food, such as cucumbers, carrots, tomatoes, apples, etc. When the pH in joint fluid is > 6, urate is mostly free and seldom forms urate crystals. Urine pH value increases, which can prevent the formation of uric acid crystals and promote their dissolution, increase the excretion of uric acid, prevent the formation of stones or dissolve the formed stones.
In addition, some studies have shown that dairy products and vitamin C are also beneficial to the control of uric acid.
3. Drink more water
Drinking more water can promote the excretion of uric acid, especially in summer, when the hot weather leads to a lot of sweating and more water needs to be replenished.
Gout friends are suitable for drinking light tea and plain boiled water. Generally, adults should consume 2500 ~ 3000 mL of water per day, and the urine volume should be kept above 2000 mL to facilitate the excretion of uric acid.
Four, limit salt
At present, it is believed that sodium ions in salt can precipitate uric acid and induce and aggravate gout.
If gout friends suffer from hypertension at the same time, they need to strictly limit salt, and it is best to control it within 2 ~ 5 g per day, that is, the amount of a beer lid.
5. Weight Control
The body surface area and obesity degree of the human body are directly proportional to the content of uric acid in the body blood. Obesity is also easy to lead to metabolic syndrome. Weight control is helpful to uric acid control and prevent gout attacks.
The key to weight control lies in exercise and diet control. Generally speaking, it is [shut up and keep your legs open]. However, to lose weight, one cannot rely solely on slogans and actions are the most important.
Six, stay away from all kinds of [stimulation]
Cold and overwork may cause nerve regulation disorder of human body, contraction of body surface and visceral blood vessels, including renal blood vessels, thus causing reduction of uric acid excretion.
Gout friends in summer should avoid indoor air conditioning temperature too low, pay special attention not to blow the tuyere directly. As gout attacks often occur in the big toes and other foot joints, gout patients in the air-conditioned room as far as possible not only feet, it is best to put on socks.
In addition, hunger will also increase uric acid levels, so paying attention to diet rules and avoiding overeating also have certain effects.