Inventory of Common Injuries on the Green Field

On the green field, football players are like fighters one by one. Serious conditions such as kick injuries, cramps, impacts, bites and lacerations will not make them flinch.

Let’s take a look at the common types of injuries on the football field.

Waist, Waist, Chek Nao

Brazil’s 22-year-old star Neymar suffered a knee impact on the back of another athlete, causing a fracture in the third lumbar spine. Such fractures are not complicated and can only be cured by conservative treatment with professional braces for several weeks. Lumbar fractures are not uncommon. In Europe, more than 400,000 patients are diagnosed every year. Epidemiologists believe that the number will double by 2050.

Most vertebral fractures are not caused by movement, But more is osteoporosis. In the United States alone, osteoporosis causes more than 1.5 million fractures a year, of which about 700,000 occur in the spine. Other osteoporotic injuries include distal forearm fractures (about 250,000 cases per year), hip fractures (about 250,000 cases per year) and other limb fractures (about 300,000 cases per year).

Bite when the road is rough.

In the match between Uruguay and Italy, Uruguayan player Suarez bit the opposing player, This is the third time he has bitten his opponent in a match. The victim of the incident, Italian player Chiellini, was clearly marked with two bite marks. Don’t easily think that the bite will not bring complications. Due to the high infection rate, a human bite may be more dangerous than an animal bite.

There is evidence that, Patients who are bitten by human beings spend much longer time in emergency rooms than other injuries. Bites often occur at the ends of limbs. Hands, ears, etc. There are more than 50 kinds of bacteria in human saliva, many of which can cause infection. Besides Clostridium, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Aikenium and Prevostella in oral cavity can all cause wound infection.

A multicenter study found that, 44% of the bites were contaminated by aerobic bacteria, 2% were only contaminated by anaerobic bacteria, 54% were mixed infection by aerobic bacteria and anaerobic bacteria. Aerobic bacteria are mainly streptococcus, staphylococcus and Aikenia. Among anaerobic bacteria, Prepella and Clostridium are the most common. Clostridium usually causes tetanus (Clostridium tetanus) and dysentery (Clostridium difficile) in hospital patients. Although Clostridium tetanus can be transmitted through bites, this is extremely rare.

The step is too big, carefully pulling the “egg”

German player Schkodland Mustafi suffered the most common injury on the pitch against Argentina-a torn left thigh muscle. One in three injured soccer players injured a thigh muscle. Muscle strain, Ligament tear and tendon tear often occur in posterior femoral muscle group. RICE principles can be used to easily treat muscle fiber tear and other soft tissue injuries, including immobilization (Rest), ice compress (Ice), compression (Compression) and elevation of affected limb.

Further stretching of the affected limb can aggravate the injury. Therefore, braking means reducing the frequency, degree and frequency of muscle activity, which is especially important in the process of dealing with any soft tissue injury. Immediately after the injury, apply ice bags and press and lift the affected limb to effectively relieve swelling and bleeding.

Forced braking is not allowed [urgent]

There were many pauses in the game, For example, during substitution. For some athletes, These leisure opportunities can have serious consequences, Even the whole career. For example, In the high-intensity match between Portugal and Germany, Portuguese player Fabio Ganchao suffered an adductor injury in his right thigh after a period of forced braking, which forced him to withdraw from the rest of the World Cup. Adductor strain is a typical injury for football players. A Nordic study involving 100 players found that the incidence of adductor injury averaged 10%-18% per year.

The cause of frequent adductor injury is the rapid adduction of hip joint on the court to resist abduction. Abnormal tendon extension with overexertion; Rapid acceleration in running.

Adductor injury is not only common in football players, The same is true in other sports. For example, rapid hip adduction with a change of direction in tennis, rapid hip abduction in rugby grab and sudden acceleration in sprint can all lead to adductor injury. Failure to stretch adequately before sports matches will increase the risk of adductor injury.

Once there was a match before me.

Collision is a typical football injury, It is quite controversial that, The player continued the match without any treatment after the collision. In the fierce match between Germany and Argentina in this World Cup, German midfielder Christopher Kramer did not interrupt the match after hitting Argentina’s Gare on the shoulder with his head. However, after the match, Kramer developed memory impairment and he had no impression of the match in the first half. The reason was that the impact caused him retrograde forgetfulness.

Retrograde amnesia is typically characterized by memory loss before injury. Antegrade amnesia is the opposite. It is memory loss after injury. Paroxysmal generalized amnesia has the clinical symptoms of both of the above amnesia. But in some cases, The symptoms of retrograde amnesia are secondary. Intermittent amnesia is the loss of memory function for a specific time. Patients with dissociative amnesia do not show amnesia in the usual sense, but the loss of memory for the identity information of a specific person. It usually occurs after the patient witnessed violent crimes and major accidents, and the patient is usually not accompanied by medical diseases.

I will take the lead with you.

In the World Cup, Ecuadorian midfielder Cristian Lubaoya hit French player Blaise Matuydi on the head, Causing a severe hemorrhagic laceration in the former. Lubouya returned to the game after being simply bandaged with a head bandage. Similarly, many players also suffered head impacts in this World Cup. Many of them developed typical concussion symptoms.

Among them, concussion will cause loss of consciousness, accompanied by headache, memory loss, vomiting and sensitivity to noise.

From beginning to end, it was injured.

In the semi-finals of the World Cup, Argentine player Javier Mascherano hit the opposing player hard on the head. Like other injured players, He chose to continue the match. Mascherano initially showed only vertigo, But then stumbled, Eventually fainted on the court. After a few minutes of treatment, He returned to the field. In addition to head injuries, Mascherano also suffered from anal fistula. Although anal fistula is not a common injury on the court, it can be induced by trauma, low cellulose diet, psychological emergency and other factors. For patients with anal fistula, high-risk factors such as sexual orientation, chronic inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea and constipation should be considered.

Hey, watch your eyes

In another case of hemorrhagic head injury, Swiss defender Steve von Bergen clashed with French striker Olivier Gill in the first five minutes of the match. At that time, Gill kicked Bergen in the center of his face during the fight, causing him to fall to the ground with multiple lacerations under his left eye. Subsequent imaging examination diagnosed an orbital fracture. When more than 50% of the orbital floor is affected and persistent diplopia is accompanied, surgical treatment should be considered.

Not all burst fractures require surgical treatment. Surgical treatment depends on the extent of the fracture and the movement of the eye. Surgical treatment should be performed for orbital floor fractures with more than 50% of the injury area accompanied by eye displacement or fragmentation and persistent diplopia.

Dangerous [Flying to Fireball]

During the match, Nigerian midfielder Michael inadvertently blocked his teammate’s shot. The ball hit his right arm and caused a bone fracture in his right forearm.

Many types of forearm fractures are named after people. Monteggia fracture is a fracture of the ulnar shaft with dislocation of the radial head. Gayle fracture is a fracture of the radius with dislocation of the lower radioulnar joint. Nursemaid Elbow is common in children. It is an incomplete dislocation of the radial head, usually caused by sudden traction of the forearm in children. Colles fracture is typically characterized by a prick-gun deformity caused by dorsal displacement of the distal radius. Smith fracture is a simple distal radius fracture with volar displacement.