Many years later, when I stood in front of the convex mirror, I would always think of the afternoon when my close friend from junior high school took me to the faucet on the playground to wash my face after the PE class. At that time, we were in our early teens, our faces were bright and full, cold water quickly slipped through our skin, and then we raised our faces and could not see a pore.
Later, how did our faces become so thick with pores?
Reason 1: Excessive sebum
During puberty, androgen levels are relatively high for both men and women, which catalyzes teenagers to develop secondary sexual characteristics and begin to grow. At the same time, our sebaceous glands are stimulated by sex hormones and secretion becomes vigorous.
Under normal circumstances, sebum layer can prevent water from losing too quickly through the skin and has a protective effect on our skin.
However, when sebum secretion is excessive, the composition and structure of sebum may change to stimulate hair follicle knitting and expansion. Excessive sebum may also mix with exfoliated keratinocytes and foreign dust to form corner plugs, which accumulate in pores and enlarge them.
Changes in hormone levels are the only way to grow up, and we cannot escape them, but we can still start from other aspects to improve the resulting pore bulkiness.
A balanced diet
Supplementing enough vitamins is helpful for normalization of sebum secretion and refinement of pores.
- Vitamin A can improve hyperkeratosis; B vitamins can inhibit sebum secretion. Vitamin E can resist oxidation and aging.
However, these different nutrients exist in different foods, and partial eating may make you miss one or two of them.
Clean in time
Choosing a suitable facial cleaning method for individuals and cleaning the inner corner bolts of hair follicles in time can also help reduce hair follicles.
The pores on the cheek are the openings of hair follicles and sebaceous glands visible to the naked eye, usually without corner plugs. Wash your face normally and carry out moisturizing care.
Nose and its surrounding skin bulky pores, mostly belong to the hair follicle sebaceous gland opening containing horn bolts, squeeze a squeeze can come out hard granules. These pores in addition to normal cleaning, can also be regularly used according to their own conditions to remove horn bolts.
Seek professional help
If there has been obvious excessive hair follicle spat, ordinary cleaning is difficult to improve the current situation of large pores, or accompanied by skin diseases such as acne, you need to seek help from the dermatological department of the hospital.
In the hospital, you may receive the following guidance or treatment:
- External medication and makeup care: For example, the hottest fruit acid nowadays, Can remove excess cutin, Anti-hyperkeratosis of hair follicle epithelium, And to some extent inhibit the reproduction of miscellaneous bacteria on the skin surface. Another example is tretinoin’s relative adapalin. It can induce keratinization of hair follicle epithelium to normal. Phototherapy: For example, red and blue light irradiation therapy can resist inflammation, inhibit sebum secretion and promote collagen hyperplasia, thus restoring skin elasticity and achieving the effect of improving pore bulkiness. Oral medicine: for some women due to endocrine problems and sebum overflow, pore bulkiness, short-acting contraceptives can be selected to fight against its primary disease.
We still have a lot of tricks, but the strength, frequency and indications are too much, and it is easy to have problems. I have seen too many people who are eager for beauty use salicylic acid preparations with too high a concentration, resulting in red swelling and peeling of the whole face, so I can’t tell you more, please go to the nearest regular hospital.
Reason 2: Solar exposure
Even after we bid farewell to puberty, we are still groping around in this sunny world. In this period of years, the main culprit that has worn our faces is the sun.
Some scholars believe that, Our skin is aging, Nearly 90% of them are caused by sunlight. This may be a shock to you, It’s hard to accept for a while. But you must also have observed that the skin aging rate of outdoor workers such as fishermen, farmers and traffic police who often expose themselves to the hot sun is obviously faster than that of their peers who stay indoors from 9 to 5. Among them, large pores are also one of the important signs of skin aging.
Effects of sun exposure on skin: ultraviolet rays can cause DNA damage and produce reactive oxygen species and photochemicals, causing skin oxidation and damage; Change the collagen structure, resulting in bulky pores.
Sun protection is a protracted war.
Photoaging of the skin can be prevented after reasonable protective measures are taken. However, sun protection is a long-term guard war. Whether wearing a hat, an umbrella or applying sunscreen, one must form a habit and persevere in order to continue to benefit.
Reason 3: Aging
No matter how hard to defend and fight, the last years still gently captured us. When we get old, the epidermis becomes flabby and thick, the collagen in the dermis loses, and the pores lazily expand, as if we have given up the pursuit of beauty.
Think back, have we ever:
- In order to save trouble, Don’t wash your face well, or don’t wear sunscreen when you go out. In order to cover up the thick pores, make up frequently, but don’t remove makeup in time, so that cosmetics block the pores and further aggravate the thick pores. Skin care products that moisturize, prevent and repair photoaging, such as skin care products containing tretinoin, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate and vitamin E, are not properly used.
In the dusk, when facing the convex mirror, we saw the pores on our faces open like an O-shaped mouth in surprise. We recalled our youth and secretly regretted that we had not properly protected our skin and sun over the years, so that we could not postpone the arrival of this day as much as possible.
[Do you want to wait for what? Time has passed.]
[That’s what I said, but at least not so soon.]
-< < One Hundred Years of Solitude > >
Editor: Zhang Jingyuan
Author: Chen Yulan