When lower limb venous thrombosis occurs, is there what?
If chest pain, chest tightness, dyspnea, cough, coughing and bleeding (hemoptysis) suddenly occur, small cardiopulmonary embolism is required. It may be accompanied by dysphoria, blue skin, fever, sweating and loss of consciousness.
Pulmonary embolism is mostly lower limb deep vein thrombus shedding, along the blood vessels flow to the lung, blocked the pulmonary blood vessels caused. Common in lower limb blood circulation is not smooth, blood viscosity, blood vessel injury, coagulation function abnormality, fracture, stroke and other patients, if suffering from these diseases, should be particularly vigilant.
How should lower limb venous thrombosis be done?
You must call 120 immediately for help. Pulmonary embolism is an acute sudden disease that can cause death.
Keep the patient in a comfortable posture and reduce activities; Calm the patient and maintain emotional stability.
Continue to observe the patient’s breathing, heartbeat and consciousness. If breathing and heartbeat stop, carry out cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
Doctors may ask patients to have X-ray chest films, electrocardiogram, pulmonary artery enhanced CT, cardiac color Doppler ultrasound and other examinations to help diagnose.
If a definite diagnosis is made, a filter screen will be placed in the inferior vena cava or thrombolysis, anticoagulation and other treatments will be carried out according to the specific condition.
How to prevent venous thrombosis of lower limbs?
Early prevention of pulmonary embolism is crucial. Thrombosis can come from any vein in the whole body, but most of them still come from the deep vein of lower limbs, so it is necessary to actively prevent the formation of deep vein thrombosis.
High-risk groups of pulmonary embolism need to pay special attention to the following points:
Proper exercise, quitting smoking and drinking, healthy diet and weight control;
Drink more water to keep urination unobstructed;
Avoid sitting for a long time. After sitting for a while, you should get up and move, or move your joints and toes and rub your legs.
For those who are bedridden or unable to move autonomously, mechanical assistance, such as elastic socks and pressure pumps, is needed to help muscle activity. Family members can also massage their limbs to improve venous blood flow of lower limbs.
For people with a history of venous thromboembolism, it is better to have regular examination. If they encounter the above symptoms, they should see a doctor in time.
High-risk groups for pulmonary embolism include:
Patients after large-scale surgery, such as acute thoracic and abdominal surgery, hip joint, knee arthroplasty, femoral fracture, spinal injury, etc.;
People who sit for a long time, operate computers for a long time, and fly and train for a long time;
People with obesity or high blood lipid;
People suffering from malignant tumors, cardiac insufficiency, coagulation abnormalities and other diseases.