According to news reports, Recently, in Qinghai grassland, Thousands of poachers clashed with the police, The focus of the conflict is Lycium ruthenicum. It is said that this kind of Lycium ruthenicum has health effects such as lowering cholesterol, enhancing immune function, resisting aging, beauty beauty, treating irregular menstruation, resisting cancer, etc. The highest price is even 4 400 yuan per kilogram. Some people call it [soft gold]. Lycium ruthenicum is actually called Lycium ruthenicum Mutt. It belongs to close relatives of Lycium ruthenicum, which is common to us at ordinary times. It belongs to the genus Lycium of Solanaceae. There are many rumors about Lycium ruthenicum, but is it reasonably expensive? Or is it just another farce? Legend: Lycium ruthenicum can scavenge free radicals and increase antioxidant function? Truth: There is not much difference, the effect on human body is still unknown, and other foods also have it. Legend has it that [magical substances] can scavenge free radicals and increase antioxidant function. It is anthocyanin. Although Lycium ruthenicum and Lycium ruthenicum belong to the same plant, the color and pigment composition of their fruits are quite different. The pigment of Lycium ruthenicum fruits is mainly fat-soluble carotenoids, which are red-orange when ripe. However, the fruit of Lycium ruthenicum is purple and black when ripe. The main pigment is water-soluble anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is a kind of polyphenol pigment, It is the main component in the pigment of Lycium ruthenicum. Anthocyanin can be used in different acidity and metal ion environments. It absorbs different wavelengths of sunlight, Thus making plants appear red, blue, purple and even black. For example, Our common mulberries also contain anthocyanins, The reason why anthocyanins turn red when exposed to vinegar is that anthocyanins turn red when exposed to acid. The anthocyanin content in Lycium ruthenicum (dry weight) is about 8.21 ~ 31.46 mg/g. This value, Compared with some fruits and vegetables, Such as blueberries, raspberries, purple cabbage, grapes, purple potatoes, Lycium ruthenicum does have higher anthocyanins. Moreover, Compared with red medlar, Lycium ruthenicum also has slightly higher antioxidant capacity. For example, Some studies have found that The free radical scavenging rate of Lycium ruthenicum was 95.3%, Slightly higher than the free radical scavenging rate of Ningxia Lycium barbarum 94.1%. Well, The difference is less than 1%. At the same time, Whether antioxidant substances such as anthocyanins can resist cancer, There is not enough evidence, On the contrary, some studies have pointed out that Eating more may be harmful to your health. In addition, Whether it is effective for human body, There is no corresponding evidence. Moreover, Anthocyanins are also abundant in purple potatoes, blueberries, eggplant skins, purple cabbage, mulberries, black (red) rice and other foods. Moreover, Anthocyanins in these foods are also easier to obtain than Lycium ruthenicum, It is also more convenient to eat, and eating more of these foods can completely replace it. In order to obtain anthocyanin, it is not necessary to eat Lycium ruthenicum, and it is even less worthwhile to fight for Lycium ruthenicum. Legend: Lycium ruthenicum is rich in [active ingredients] truth: with [active ingredients], no health function. The [active ingredients] of Lycium ruthenicum is what? At present, the [active ingredients] of Lycium ruthenicum mainly refer to the inorganic elements, amino acids, polysaccharides, pigments, etc. What is special about these ingredients? Inorganic Elements the inorganic elements in Lycium ruthenicum are mainly some minerals. Apart from the content of potassium, other elements are just equivalent to ordinary food. We analyzed the inorganic elements in Lycium ruthenicum: especially excellent: potassium content; Excellent: The content of iron, zinc and strontium is higher than that of all similar plants. However, if you don’t take Lycium ruthenicum as a meal, use a few embellishments every day, it is better to take the money and buy some other delicious food. Amino acids are an important component of protein. Some people say that Lycium ruthenicum contains 18 kinds of amino acids. The problem is that there are 19 kinds of milk when you buy a cup of freshly ground soya-bean milk at breakfast stalls. There are 20 kinds of pig tendon in the vegetable market. It will cost 4 400 yuan to buy a kilogram! I don’t accept it! Moreover, the content of protein in fresh Lycium ruthenicum (100g) is less than 2g, and the amount of Lycium ruthenicum that people can eat every day is also very limited. The protein content in chicken meat is about 20 grams (per 100 grams), Eating a few pieces of chicken can get more amino acids than a handful of medlar. So, The effect of this amino acid in Lycium ruthenicum on the whole diet is too low. Polysaccharide polysaccharide is said to have anti-fatigue and hypoglycemic effects. However, There is evidence that, Polysaccharides from Lycium ruthenicum, It is not necessarily better than red wolfberry to play a [anti-fatigue] role. Therefore, The polysaccharide in Lycium ruthenicum is not [magic]. As for the hypoglycemic effect of polysaccharide, There is even more insufficient evidence. Always hype ingredients more than actual effects. 1. Less research, The research design is not rigorous. In fact, Due to the limited production and region of Lycium ruthenicum, At present, there is little research on Lycium ruthenicum, Moreover, most of these studies are small sample sizes, Proof ability is low, There is hardly enough evidence for the health effects of Lycium ruthenicum, These health effects are deduced by people in pursuit of interests. 2. Risks in fact, eating Lycium ruthenicum also has safety risks, such as some people may be allergic to Lycium ruthenicum. The worship of Lycium ruthenicum can come to an end, so it is ridiculous to even fight. Eating Lycium ruthenicum is better than seeing Dr. Clove more.