After giving birth to a baby, you need to think about many things, especially how to eat healthily and reasonably.
On the one hand, it is necessary to ensure the nutrition of the baby, on the other hand, it is necessary to avoid foods that are not good for the mother and the baby. Here we list 9 kinds of foods that expectant mothers should pay attention to.
I. Unsterilized Dairy Products
Calcium, protein and vitamin D in dairy products can promote the development of your baby’s bones, teeth, heart and nervous system. However, be careful to avoid raw milk and other raw dairy products. Before eating, be sure to check the labels and whether those dairy products have been pasteurized or thermally sterilized.
Dairy products that have not been pasteurized or disinfected by high temperature may lead to miscarriage if Listeria monocytogenes is contained in expectant mothers.
2. Processed Meat
Some processed cooked foods, such as ham, turkey, smoked chicken, sausage, marinated meat, etc., may contain Listeria monocytogenes, so pregnant women must be careful not to buy such foods.
Listeria is highly viable and can survive even at low temperatures. For most healthy adults, even if infected with this bacterium, there will be no what reaction, but there is a great risk for pregnant women. When heated to 165 ℃, Listeria can be killed.
3. Unsterilized Vegetable and Fruit Juice
Drinking fruit and vegetable juice directly is a convenient way to obtain nutrition from vegetables and fruits. However, fruit juice is also vulnerable to contamination by Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes.
Try not to buy freshly squeezed juice to drink, you have no idea how long the juice has been kept outside. However, you can squeeze juice at home and drink it immediately.
Four, half cooked meat and sashimi
Pregnant, it’s time to say goodbye to half-cooked steak and sushi. Half-cooked meat and seafood are prone to bacteria and other pathogenic microorganisms.
Meat eaten by pregnant women must be heated to a sufficient temperature. Meat must be heated above 145 ℃ before eating, and if it is leftover from the previous meal, it must be heated to at least 165 ℃.
Five, half-cooked eggs
Eggs can provide high-quality protein, vitamins and trace elements. However, pregnant women must ensure that they eat fully cooked eggs, from white to yolk.
Some ice cream, mayonnaise, Caesar salad dressing, etc. contain half-cooked eggs, which may breed salmonella. Unless these foods are marked [pasteurized], it is recommended not to eat them. In addition, when buying eggs, pay attention to the date of production of the eggs and put them in the refrigerator after buying them.
Many modern women have the habit of drinking coffee, but there are many rumors on the Internet that pregnant women cannot drink coffee.
In fact, pregnant women can drink coffee, but not too much. As long as expectant mothers consume less than 200 mg of caffeine per day, it is still very safe. In addition, tea, cola and chocolate also contain caffeine. Attach a form for your reference.
7. Fish with High Mercury Content
Pregnant women should try to avoid eating fish with high mercury content, such as large fish such as sharks, sailfish, square head fish, mackerel and albacore tuna. Mercury is rich in the body and can damage the nervous system.
Pregnant women are good to eat fish and can eat high-quality protein and unsaturated fatty acids, but they should pay attention to varieties with low mercury content, such as tilapia, salmon, shellfish and tuna.
Eight, animal liver
Pregnant women can eat animal liver, but it is best not to eat too much. Take pig liver as an example, it is best to control it at 30 ~ 50 g at a time.
Animal livers are rich in vitamin A, which is necessary for embryo growth and can promote wound healing. However, in fact, people are generally in good nutritional condition nowadays. Most pregnant women can already take enough vitamin A from fruits, vegetables, dairy products and eggs they eat every day, but excessive intake of vitamin A will increase the risk of fetal malformation.
If it is for iron supplement, you can choose lean meat. The vitamin A content in a beef liver is 431% of a pregnant woman’s recommended daily intake, so it is better to eat less.
Alcohol should be avoided as much as possible during pregnancy. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Department of Health insist that pregnant women should not drink alcohol.
The most dangerous time to drink alcohol is in the first three months of pregnancy. Although there is so far no evidence that drinking a small amount of alcohol during the later period of pregnancy has adverse effects on the fetus, alcohol is a teratogenic substance with clear evidence, but the amount of teratogenic substance is still unclear.
Anyway, alcohol is not nutritious, so it is recommended that expectant mothers should not touch alcohol during the whole pregnancy.