Why is constipation easy during pregnancy?
Constipation can lead to metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders and imbalance of trace elements, which can lead to skin pigmentation, pruritus, dry hair and other symptoms. Defecation is often too hard and may also lead to hemorrhoids. Why are pregnant mothers more prone to constipation? 1. Hormonal changes After pregnancy, Under the influence of hormone changes in the body, The placenta secretes a large amount of progesterone, It reduces gastric acid secretion, reduces muscle tension in gastrointestinal tract and weakens muscle peristalsis. In this way, It will lengthen the time the food you eat stays in the gastrointestinal tract. It cannot be discharged out of the body as normally as before pregnancy. As food stays in the intestinal tract for a longer time, Water in food residues is reabsorbed by intestinal parietal cells, Causing the excrement to become dry and hard, Difficult to get out of the body. 2. Reduced activity after pregnancy, Pregnant mothers have less physical activity than before pregnancy, As a result, intestinal muscles are not easy to push feces outward. 3. The enlarged uterus will compress the rectum. Make it difficult to excrete feces. 4. The abdominal wall muscles of pregnant mothers will become weak due to insufficient abdominal pressure. When defecating, there is not enough abdominal pressure to push, Therefore, even if the pregnant mother has the convenience, He also exerted a strong contraction of his abdominal muscles, Feces piled up in the rectum are also difficult to expel. Constipation relief strategy constipation is one of the most common troubles during pregnancy. Especially in the third trimester of pregnancy, Constipation will become more and more serious. Pregnant mothers often do not defecate for several days, which will lead to abdominal pain and distension. Severe cases can lead to intestinal obstruction and premature delivery, endangering the safety of mothers and infants. How can scientific treatment be used to relieve constipation? 1. Eat more fruits and vegetables coarse cereals Pregnant mothers often have difficulty defecating because they eat too fine, Therefore, we should eat more vegetables, fruits and coarse cereals containing more cellulose. Such as celery, green leafy vegetables, radish, apple, pear, oat, miscellaneous beans, brown rice, etc. Eat less and eat more. Don’t overeat. 2. Wake up every morning to defecate. It is most likely to occur in the morning and after each meal. Therefore, after getting up, drink a cup of plain boiled water on an empty stomach, Have a good breakfast, In this way, convenience will soon arise, Long-term persistence will form a good habit of defecating in the morning. 3. Adhere to moderate exercise every day in the third trimester of pregnancy. Many pregnant mothers often become lazy to exercise due to their growing weight. Therefore, constipation is more obvious in the third trimester of pregnancy. Moderate exercise can enhance the abdominal muscle contraction of pregnant mothers. Promote intestinal peristalsis, Thus preventing or alleviating constipation. Even when the body is getting heavier and heavier, Pregnant mothers should also do some exercise within their capabilities, Such as walking, In order to increase the bowel defecation motivation. Keep exercising every day, It can also lay the foundation for the subsequent natural childbirth. 4. Maintain physical and mental happiness. Pregnant mothers arrange their work and life reasonably. Ensure adequate rest and sleep, Maintain a good mental state and an optimistic attitude towards life. Don’t be upset by discomfort such as vomiting. Fidgety mentality can also lead to constipation. You may as well do more things that interest you. Such as listening to music, reading relaxing magazines, Try to avoid bad mental stimulation. 5. Careful medication. After conditioning, Pregnant mothers whose constipation is still not relieved, Some osmotic laxatives can be used, Such as lactulose, In order to increase the water content of the intestinal tract, It softens feces and facilitates excretion. Kaisailu can also be used occasionally. But it cannot be used for a long time. For constipation caused by organic diseases, Primary diseases should be actively treated, Perianal diseases can also be treated with external drugs with less toxicity. Such as hemorrhoids, In order to relieve the symptoms of constipation. At present, safer hemorrhoids drugs are used during pregnancy. Suppositories and ointments of compound carrageenate (such as Taining) for external use are commonly used. Note that pregnant mothers belong to a special group. Care should be taken in the treatment of constipation during pregnancy, and improper treatment must be avoided to cause harm to the fetus. Do not take lubricating laxatives, such as castor oil, etc., which will affect the absorption of nutrients in the intestinal tract and make the nutrition of the fetus unable to be well protected. Also do not take cathartic or highly stimulating intestinal moistening agents (such as senna leaves), otherwise it will enhance gastrointestinal peristalsis and cause uterine contraction, leading to abortion or premature delivery.