When it comes to dietary taboos for gout, we all know that high purine foods such as seafood and animal viscera need to be strictly restricted, while low purine vegetables and fruits can be eaten more.
However, in the face of a wide variety of fruits with colorful colors and numerous tastes, how to choose and how to eat them?
Effect of Fructose on Uric Acid
Many people know the effect of purine content on gout, and often ignore the effect of fructose on uric acid, the [culprit] of gout.
No matter healthy people or gout people, eating food containing a large amount of fructose can cause the increase of blood uric acid.
This is because fructose enters the human body and is converted into a substrate for purine synthesis, thus accelerating purine synthesis and increasing uric acid production, leading to the onset of gout.
Which fruits have high fructose content?
Among common fruits, pears, plums, grapes and apples have higher fructose content. Among them, pears and apples have the highest content. A medium-sized pear and apple (about 175 grams) contain 11 grams of fructose.
In addition, many fruits are also rich in sucrose, a portion of sucrose can be decomposed into a portion of glucose and a portion of fructose in the body. Therefore, fruits rich in sucrose, such as tangerine, navel orange, sugar cane, etc., will also affect uric acid metabolism of gout patients.
The sweetness of fruits is determined by sucrose and fructose, and fructose is 1.7 times sweeter than sucrose. If certain fruits are especially sweet at low temperatures, the fructose content is generally higher, such as watermelon and litchi.
How should gout people choose fruits?
1. Choose fruits with low sugar content
Gout people should choose fruits with low fructose and sucrose content, or fruits that do not taste too sweet, such as grapefruit, grapefruit, strawberry, lemon, etc.
Step 2: Control the amount of fruit you eat
Attention should be paid to controlling the amount of fruit eaten each time, and 200 ~ 400g of fruit should be taken every day.
If you really like to eat fruits with high sugar content, you must control them moderately and do not eat too much at one time.
What are the benefits of gout people eating fruits?
Before talking about how to eat fruits, we need to understand the benefits of fruits to human body, especially gout people.
Fruits are rich in minerals, dietary fiber, vitamin C, polyphenols, etc., and have the following benefits:
- Mineral potassium is beneficial to uric acid excretion. Vitamin C can promote the dissolution of urate, also promote the excretion of uric acid and reduce the level of uric acid in blood. Dietary fiber can nourish intestinal epithelial cells, adsorb heavy metals and oils in intestinal tract, increase satiety during eating, promote defecation, and help maintain body weight. Polyphenols are beneficial to reduce the level of inflammatory reaction.
These are very beneficial to gout patients. Therefore, the healthiest and most preferred eating method is to ensure that nutrients are not lost to the greatest extent.
It is not good to drink freshly squeezed juice.
Nowadays, more and more people choose juicers to process fresh fruits because they can save time and effort to get a cup of [concentrated fruit essence]. However, during the squeezing process, vitamin C in fruits is oxidized and lost before it can enter the human body to play a role.
In addition, people usually throw away the fruit residue after juicing, which loses the most important nutritional ingredient of fruit-dietary fiber.
This cup of [concentrated essence] leaves behind the fructose and sucrose mentioned above, which is very unfavorable to gout patients.
[Cooked] Fruit Not Suitable for Gout Patients
Some people also advocate [cooked] fruits, that is, heating the fruits and cooking them, even supplementing them with honey and crystal sugar to increase the taste.
First of all, heating can destroy the cell wall of fruits, making the sugar in the cells more easily absorbed by the human body and increasing the sugar load.
Secondly, heating can also destroy polyphenols with anti-inflammatory effects, which will lead to the loss of nutrients for gout patients. If honey or crystal sugar with high fructose content is added, the human body will take in more sugar, which is not conducive to health.
How to eat fruit? Eat raw in an appropriate amount [cost performance] is the highest!
Fruit eaten raw, although it has to be peeled and cut into pieces, can maintain the absorption of nutrients to the maximum extent.
In the process of eating raw, because of the satiety brought by dietary fiber, food intake and sugar intake can be reduced, which is conducive to weight maintenance.
Therefore, for people with good teeth and no gastrointestinal discomfort, eating raw fruit is the healthiest and most beneficial way to eat fruit.
To sum up: For gout patients, fruits can be eaten, and it is best to eat them raw, which has many benefits. Don’t eat too much fruit with high fructose and sucrose content at one time.