Manifestations of prostatitis
Prostatitis patients often have frequent urination, urgent urination, painful urination, increased nocturnal urination, dysuria and other manifestations.
Type I prostatitis often has chills, fever, weakness and other symptoms accompanied by lower abdominal pain.
Type II and Type III prostatitis may cause sexual dysfunction, anxiety, depression, insomnia and memory decline.
Type Ⅳ prostatitis has no clinical symptoms.
Treatment of prostatitis
Prostatitis generally requires a long treatment period, and patients need to maintain sufficient treatment confidence and patience.
1. Pre-treatment check-up
The examination items need to be determined according to the symptoms of prostatitis. Mainly include: urine routine, blood routine, prostatic fluid, bacterial culture and drug sensitivity test, and B-ultrasound examination.
At different stages of diagnosis and treatment, the examination may be different. For example, newly diagnosed patients may need urine routine, prostate fluid and B-ultrasound examination. However, patients who return to the clinic only need to receive prostate fluid, bacterial culture and drug sensitivity test.
Step 2: Massage the prostate
Prostate massage is to obtain prostate fluid routine examination, it has the role of diagnosis, also played a role in treatment. The day before the examination had better not have sex, so as not to be difficult to obtain prostate fluid during the examination. At the same time, don’t be nervous when receiving the examination, excessive tension will make anal sphincter contraction, but aggravate discomfort.
If it is unbearable, the doctor can be motioned to stop the examination. In addition, it is best to urinate and empty the bladder before the examination.
3. Targeted treatment
The treatment of prostatitis should be carried out under the guidance of doctors. Different drugs should be used according to different symptoms and disease changes. Never buy drugs yourself.
Intermittent nonstandard treatment and abuse of antibiotics are the main reasons for prostatitis’s persistent and difficult recovery. During treatment, strict and regular follow-up visits should be made and medication should be taken according to the doctor’s advice. Do not stop or change drugs, especially antibiotics, at will.
In addition, not all prostatitis needs treatment, for example, some chronic prostatitis patients with non-bacterial infection may not need treatment.
4. General treatment
During the treatment period, we must develop good living habits. If the living habits are not good, the treatment effect will be greatly reduced.
Develop good living habits, such as quitting smoking and drinking, eating less spicy and other stimulating foods, and eating more vegetables and fruits; Don’t stay up late, exercise more, drink more water, and don’t hold your urine too much to keep the urinary tract unobstructed. Proper and regular sex life.
5. Choose other treatments carefully
Careful selection of some exaggerated treatment methods, such as transurethral, rectal and perineal use of microwave, radio frequency, laser and other physical means for hyperthermia, not only has the risk of unknown complications, the exact curative effect has not been confirmed, and there is a lack of long-term follow-up data, it is not recommended for unmarried and barren people.
However, prostate injection therapy and surgery and other treatment methods lack effective evidence on their efficacy and safety. I hope patients can consider them carefully.
Prevention of Prostatitis
The following points can be paid attention to in preventing prostatitis:
1. Develop good living habits, quit smoking and drinking, eat less spicy and other stimulating foods, and eat more vegetables and fruits;
2. Work and rest regularly, stay up late less, reduce sedentary, exercise more, drink more water, and do not hold urine excessively.
3. If there is no sexually transmitted disease, maintain normal husband and wife life;
4. Strengthen nutrition and improve immunity;
5. Maintain hygiene, bathe frequently and change clothes;
6. Some preventive drugs are effective in treatment, but relapse after repeated withdrawal can be prevented by long-term intermittent medication.