The child was bitten by a snake, what should I do?

What should I do?

Step 1 Soothe your emotions

Calm the child, keep the child calm, irritability and exercise make the toxin spread faster, and at the same time let him sit down or lie down, keeping the wound lower than the heart.

Step 2 Bind up the wound

Bind a wide cloth strip or elastic bandage about 5 cm above the wound to prevent venom from spreading. For example, if the foot is bitten, it should be 5 cm away from the wound on the lower leg.

The bandaging need not be too tight, it is advisable to stretch into one finger with force, leaving a slipknot.

Step 3: Clean up the wound

If conditions permit, the wound can be washed with 0.05% potassium permanganate solution or 3% hydrogen peroxide. If not, the wound can be washed with cold water, soapy water, saline water, etc. Avoid using ice cubes or ice water!

STEP 4 Remember the Snake

Remember the shape and color of the snake, which may be helpful for subsequent treatment.

5. Send the bitten person to the nearest hospital quickly.

Common Mistakes

STEP 1 Too nervous

Too much tension will accelerate blood circulation and spread toxins faster.

Step 2: Run fast

To avoid running, prevent accelerating the spread of snake venom in the blood.

Step 3 Use your mouth to take drugs

Any small wound in the oral cavity (ulcer or dental caries, etc.) may cause venom to enter one’s body. For safety reasons, it is not recommended to use mouth drug at any time.

Step 4 Bind up with a tourniquet

Tourniquets have a special structure and professional use. If ordinary people do not master the correct operation methods, the disadvantages will probably outweigh the advantages. The World Health Organization also does not agree with the use of tourniquets.

Step 5: Cut the wound

The risk of wound infection is relatively high, but it may bring more troubles to follow-up treatment.

How to prevent it?

1. Avoid sitting and lying in snake-infested places such as grass and earth piles, and do not extend your hands into rat holes and tree holes.

2. Snakes like damp heat, so when they are in the fields, ditches, grass wetlands and other places before and after rain, they should specially protect their hands and feet, wear good shoes and socks, and tie up their trouser legs. You can hold a small stick or branch in your hand to drive the snake away.

3. When camping in the wild, check whether snakes dive into tents.

4. Night activities need to bring a flashlight to avoid stepping on the snake body by mistake. If you meet a snake, you should try to bypass it.

5. Even if the dead snake or the head of the snake has been disconnected from the body, be vigilant and do a good job of protection. Even if the head of the snake has been cut off, it is possible to bite people within a period of time.