If you find that your blood pressure rises sharply in a short period of time, your blood pressure exceeds 230/120 mmHg, or only diastolic blood pressure (that is, the lower number) also exceeds 120 mmHg, you should be careful of hypertension crisis.
Hypertension crisis, also known as hypertension emergency, is a very critical situation. Apart from elevated blood pressure, there are also a series of symptoms, such as dizziness, severe headache, nausea, vomiting, dysphoria, etc. Some even have blurred vision, convulsions, consciousness disorders and even coma, endangering life.
There are also some patients, diastolic blood pressure is higher than 120 mmHg for a long time, the body has the process of adaptation, so there is no particularly obvious symptoms. Although this situation does not belong to hypertension crisis, it is also necessary to reasonably use antihypertensive drugs to gradually control blood pressure to a reasonable level.
Why does blood pressure get off the charts?
The following reasons may cause blood pressure to suddenly rise in a short period of time:
- Subjective factors such as overwork, excessive drinking, staying up late, smoking, etc.; Excessive excitement, excessive sadness and other emotional factors; External stimuli such as trauma, surgery and cold; There are no regular use of antihypertensive drugs, sudden drug reduction, reduction, withdrawal and other drug factors.
Once hypertension crisis occurs, it will quickly have a serious impact on various organs. If blood pressure cannot be controlled immediately, it is very easy to cause life-threatening conditions such as cerebral hemorrhage, heart failure, aortic dissection, etc., causing irreparable consequences.
What if blood pressure suddenly rises?
If hypertension patients suddenly suffer from dizziness, headache, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, angina pectoris and other symptoms, they should immediately calm down and measure a blood pressure for themselves. If they find that the blood pressure reaches the standard of hypertension crisis, they should go to the hospital immediately.
- If there are antihypertensive drugs, but they are not taken regularly, you can take normal doses of antihypertensive drugs before going to the hospital. If you have been taking medicine regularly at ordinary times, you can go to the hospital after taking twice the usual dose of antihypertensive drugs. If you don’t take antihypertensive drugs at ordinary times, don’t take them without authorization to avoid danger.
Note: You should take a bus to the hospital accompanied by your family. If you can’t find someone to accompany you, you can choose 120 ambulances. You should not walk or run to the hospital by yourself, let alone drive by yourself.
How to Prevent Blood Pressure off the charts?
The most important thing is that you must take drugs regularly according to the doctor’s requirements. Don’t stop taking drugs or increase or decrease the dosage at will.
- Avoid excessive fatigue and pay attention to rest. Avoid cold stimulation and sudden changes in the environment; Avoid emotional excitement, excessive excitement and excessive sadness; Avoid the inducing factors of hypertension crisis such as excessive drinking.