What should children do with eczema?

Pediatric eczema, Also known as milk tinea, It is a common skin disease in infants, Also known as atopic dermatitis. Most of them occur in babies who are just born to 2 years old. Most of them grow on the face, neck and legs. At first, the skin is red and slowly turns into a rash. After that, the skin is rough and desquamate. Touching the child’s skin is like touching sandpaper. Children often feel extremely itchy and unbearable, and scratching intentionally or unintentionally, parents also feel very uncomfortable. What should children do if they grow eczema? Don’t scratch when you itch. Listen to Ma Sanli’s crosstalk, The secret recipe for relieving itching is scratching. Don’t scratch in children with eczema. Babies suffering from eczema, Night pruritus is particularly heavy, children inevitably scratch and scratch, scratch can further damage the skin barrier, aggravate the disease damage, and even cause infection. In addition to moisturizing and using corticoid ointment, it can be avoided from three aspects: oral administration of a generation of antiallergic drugs, because a generation of antiallergic drugs may lead to lethargy, generally taken before going to bed; Cut your nails short in time and put small cotton socks on your baby’s gloves. Under the guidance of a doctor or nurse, Use wet wrapping therapy. Moisturizing is the key. Previously, eczema was thought to be an immune disorder. Emphasis is placed on allergic factors. Over the years, new research has increasingly tended to damage the skin barrier as the cause of eczema. Some new drug research is also aimed at improving and protecting the skin barrier. Therefore, the most important thing in the care of pediatric eczema is to keep moisture. Moisturizing cannot be overemphasized, It is also one of the main measures to treat eczema. Bath water should be mild, Avoid overheating, The best time to soak in the bath is 5 to 10 minutes. After taking a bath and drying, Apply ointment to the eczema site, Apply moisturizing cream to other parts of the body. Dilute emulsion with high water content is not recommended for moisturizing products. These lotions look fresh and non-greasy, However, the moisture contained in it evaporates quickly, Not conducive to skin moisturizing, Some have even drier skin. It is generally recommended to use thick ointment with mineral oil (such as Vaseline) as the main ingredient. Apply it about three times a day, Keep your baby’s skin wet and oily all day long. Hormones are the first choice. Corticosteroid ointment is the first-line drug for eczema treatment. Don’t be afraid of the side effects of hormones, However, purchase and use some cosmetics that claim to be hormone-free but actually steal hormone. For mild to moderate eczema, 2.5% hydrocortisone ointment, 0.05% budesonide ointment or mometasone furoate ointment can be selected. For severe eczema, strong hormone ointment can be used for a short period of time. For example, 0.025% fluorelaxed ointment. Generally, the drug is stopped after the rash subsides. Moisturizing should be strengthened after drug withdrawal. Weak hormone ointment should be preferred for face and skin wrinkles. Recurrent eczema can be used intermittently after eczema is controlled. Prevent recurrence. After years of clinical application, Hormone ointment is also safe for children for external application, The whole body absorbs very little. And local skin thinning and pigmentation and other side effects, It also happens to children who use potent and super-potent hormones for a long time. For some older children, If the hormone ointment is not effective, Calcineurin inhibitor can be used topically, Such as tacrolimus ointment, But FDA does not recommend these drugs for children under the age of 2. If there is a combination of bacterial, fungal and viral infections, It is often necessary to take oral drugs under the guidance of a doctor. Breastfeeding mothers usually need to avoid irritant foods. If the baby fed with formula powder is definitely allergic to milk, It needs to be replaced by hydrolyzed protein formula or amino acid formula powder. For children who have added supplementary foods, It is generally avoided to introduce new complementary foods during eczema. Daily precautions 1. Soft pure cotton products should be used for close-fitting clothing. Don’t wear sweaters. 2. Whether you are wearing clothes or covering quilts (don’t cover blankets), Never cover it. Covering heat aggravates itching, However, scratching can aggravate eczema. The cover for children should be loose and soft, with no sweat as the degree. 3. Keep the room cool, especially at night. 4. Use humidifiers in the bedroom, not only when the air is dry in winter, but also if air conditioning is used in summer. 5. Use mild detergent for laundry, avoiding bleaching powder and softener.