Winter is approaching: How does cold affect your health?

Winter is approaching.

Apart from making people uncomfortable in various senses, such a cold day will also really affect our health. Health problems in winter are always more serious than those in other seasons.

Dry skin and eyes

Have you ever had a bitter experience of dry and cracked skin on your hands for a month in the cold winter? Do you also think it is not easy to blink when your eyes are dry in winter?

In winter, the counter of cosmetic and skin care products will be lively again, full of unclear concepts instilled by merchants, for fear of being fooled by accident. Then at least remember one thing: pay special attention to moisturizing in winter.

Dry and cold winter is a great damage to skin. Even in the south, winter is much drier than summer.

In addition, attention should also be paid to changing to mild soap or shower gel, which can also reduce the number of baths compared with summer to prevent excessive loss of lipid on the skin surface. Lipid has a great contribution to the maintenance of skin moisture, and will certainly crack after washing off.

Not exposing the skin to the air is also a good protection for the skin. Wear gloves, hats, masks, dry eyes and a windproof mirror.

If your eyes are really dry and unbearable, you can go to the ophthalmology department to see if you need additional artificial tears.

Whether it’s skin or eyes, the water we need is what we drink in the final analysis, so we say-


Northerners say that eating dumplings on the winter solstice does not freeze ears in winter. However, this is not used in what. (Just find a reason to eat dumplings! )

When the skin is directly exposed to the cold environment, blood vessels contract, local circulation is poor, skin suffers from long-term hypoxia and necrosis, forming [non-frozen chilblain]. Too low a temperature will also lead to the formation of ice crystals in local tissues and the death of a large number of cells, which is called [frozen chilblain].

In this process, humidity is the right-hand man of low temperature, so although the temperature in the south is not too high, the incidence rate of chilblain is not low.

Some people say that hot water bubbles will be good after freezing. This is absolutely not desirable. This kind of cold and hot change is tantamount to adding to the already damaged tissues.

So, how to prevent chilblain?

    Keep warm, especially hands and feet; Keep clothes, shoes, socks and bedding dry, and pay special attention not to let shoes enter the water. Exercise to improve cold resistance.

Gain weight

When it comes to winter, another impression on people is probably [to fatten up].

To this, Dr. Clove has something to say: Don’t blame the season for your laziness and greed!

The cold weather has greatly affected people’s diet: they prefer to eat warm and warm food-you can’t see that the hotpot restaurant outside is crowded, and even if you are at home, you will make a pot of pork stewed vermicelli.

Chocolate and biscuits, high-energy snacks, are also far more popular than in summer.

However, this often takes in too much energy and eventually converts it into excess fat in the body. Now it is much warmer, and then it is sad in spring.

So what should I do in winter?

[Supplement] This is a false proposition. You can eat as you like in winter. If you really want something warm to eat, ginger is a good choice.

Seasonal affective disorder

Some people eat more in winter, not only because they eat warm, but also because they suffer from depression.

Have you ever heard of a disease called seasonal affective disorder? It is estimated that 80% of them will say [no]. What about [winter depression]?

Some people show symptoms of depression at certain seasons every year, with varying degrees of severity. The most common symptoms are from autumn to winter, but some people suffer from depression during hot summer or continuous rainy seasons. This is definitely not as simple as [it is cold and does not want to move]-if that is the case, then 100% of the people will be ill.

The disease can lead to long-term [unhappiness] and seriously affect life due to lack of fun, easy fatigue and changes in eating habits.

Fortunately, more sun exposure and more exercise can prevent winter depression to some extent. Go out for a walk!

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents

Every winter is difficult for heart disease patients:

    Low temperature, accelerated heart rate and vasoconstriction in winter lead to higher blood pressure than in summer. There is a great difference between indoor and outdoor temperatures, which may lead to fluctuations in blood pressure when the temperature changes. Changes in eating habits in winter and more abundant food during the Chinese New Year have led to increased blood lipid.

Angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and stroke, which are closely related to hypertension and hyperlipidemia, are also more likely to occur.

If there are hypertension, hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases at ordinary times, we must pay attention to keeping warm in winter, pay attention to diet and drink less during the New Year.

It is also a good habit to go to the hospital for follow-up every winter.

Having said so much about keeping warm, how can you wear the warmest clothes?

When walking in the street, between a group of [balls] wrapped in thick cotton-padded jacket and down jacket, occasionally one or two people wearing clothes that look thin will interspersed among them. Aren’t they cold?

They just can wear clothes better than most people. There is a trick to wearing thin and warm clothes in winter.

  1. Close-to-the-skin layer Choose clothes with fast perspiration function. The discomfort caused by humidity is far stronger than that caused by low temperature. Can you sweat in winter? Are you kidding me?

    The skin surface is evaporating water all the time, including winter, which is generally called “no evaporation”. If you choose the pure cotton material that people often call “sweat absorption”, who is cold if you are not cold-water is absorbed in clothes, but it cannot be discharged.

  2. The middle layer is warm, and materials such as velvet can be selected.

  3. The outermost layer is made of dense chemical fiber fabric. I don’t know if what is [dense fabric]? Think about the soft shell or charge clothes worn by outdoor lovers at ordinary times, and you will understand.

  4. Wear scarves, hats, masks and gloves to cover all exposed skin.

There are more

There are still many diseases with high incidence or worsening symptoms in winter, such as asthma, respiratory tract infection, influenza, arteriosclerosis obliterans (what we often call old cold legs), osteoarthritis, etc.