Diabetes patients should not only guard against hyperglycemia, but also guard against hypoglycemia.

When the blood sugar is as low as 2.8-3.8 mmol/L, patients may feel various discomfort. For patients with high blood sugar on weekdays, symptoms may occur as soon as the blood sugar is lower than 5.5 mmol/L.

Too strong? Abnormal decrease of blood glucose level

Patients who use oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin injection, if the drug effect is too strong, will cause abnormal fluctuations in blood sugar, leading to hypoglycemia.

The efficacy of drugs is closely related to diet, exercise and physical condition.

As always, the dosage may be due to low diet, excessive exercise and other factors, suddenly make the blood sugar drop too low. For patients with good blood sugar control, the average blood sugar value is similar to that of healthy people, and the temporary increase in drug effect will increase the risk of hypoglycemia.

Will there be what symptoms before hypoglycemia comes?

1. Early hypoglycemia

When hypoglycemia occurs, there may be various discomforts such as deficiency sweat, dizziness, accelerated heartbeat, golden flowers in eyes, trembling, hunger, weakness, numbness of hands and feet, vague speech, etc.

These are manifestations caused by sympathetic and central nervous abnormalities. However, not all patients will have similar symptoms in the early stage of hypoglycemia, especially the following:

(1) The elderly. They are relatively slow to respond to hypoglycemia, and when they feel uncomfortable, they often have severe hypoglycemia.

(2) Patients with long-term hypoglycemia. If the blood sugar is at a low level for a long time, it is not easy to be detected when hypoglycemia occurs, and long-term hypoglycemia will also cause harm to the human body.

2. Severe hypoglycemia

When hypoglycemia continues to deteriorate and severe hypoglycemia occurs, it will cause dysphoria, personality changes, disorientation, epileptic seizures and other manifestations, and even coma.

At this point, due to changes in consciousness, patients cannot cope with hypoglycemia. Once they fall into a coma, if they do not take appropriate treatment, they will cause brain injury and eventually even death.

How to deal with hypoglycemia?

As soon as a diabetic discovers that he has a what, Suspected hypoglycemia reaction, in order to restore normal blood sugar, should quickly chew 1 ~ 2 cubes of sugar, fructose or eat 1 ~ 2 pieces of bread, biscuits 5 ~ 6 pieces, these sugar can be absorbed into the blood in about 15 minutes, improve the blood sugar value. If the effect is not ideal, you can add another meal. If still not relieved, you should go to the hospital in time.

As mentioned above, when hypoglycemia symptoms are severe, they cannot be handled by themselves.

1. As the family members of diabetic patients, they should master some first aid knowledge of hypoglycemia at ordinary times. Do not panic in [critical moment].

(1) If the patient is still conscious, let him drink sugar water;

(2) If the patient is in a coma, honey can be smeared on the oral mucosa and gums of the patient.

(3) Measure the blood sugar level of the patient and contact the doctor as soon as possible.

2. As a diabetic

At ordinary times, put a diabetes manual in your briefcase, indicating that you are a diabetic patient is also a good way to prepare for a rainy day. In case of hypoglycemia coma on the road, the surrounding people are unfamiliar, when the ambulance arrives, it can infer the cause of the disease in the first place according to the patient’s data, and strive for precious time for timely treatment.