The probability of diabetic patients undergoing surgery is no lower or even higher than that of normal people.
If surgery is required for complications of diabetes or other problems, Diabetes itself increases the risk of surgery and post-surgery, For example, postoperative infection, wound healing, slow heart problems, briefly introduce some problems that diabetic patients need to pay attention to when performing surgery. Before surgery, work out the most suitable and safest surgical plan with your doctor. Concentrate on controlling blood sugar a few weeks before surgery. Doctors may arrange some preoperative examinations. Then combine the actual situation to have preoperative conversation. Metformin: Ask the doctor if or when to stop taking the drug. Usually, patients should stop taking metformin 48 hours before and 48 hours after the operation to reduce the risk of lactic acid poisoning. Other oral hypoglycemic drugs: tell doctors the drugs, dosage and frequency they have been taking recently; Insulin: Ask your doctor what what dose should be used the night before and on the day of the operation. If you have diabetic complications, The risk of surgery may be higher. Tell the doctor about the blood sugar control, And any complications of diabetes. If there are heart, kidney or eye problems, Or the sensation of the foot is impaired or lost, Tell the doctor. The doctor may arrange some more examinations for these complications. See if these problems affect the operation. The focus of the operation is how to maintain the blood sugar level during the operation. Of course, this is more of a concern to doctors, What the patient needs to do is to cooperate with the doctor. The blood sugar of diabetic patients during the operation is recommended to be maintained at about 6 ~ 10 mmol/L. If the blood sugar can be controlled well during the operation, The operation will also be very effective, Recovery after surgery will also be faster. Doctors may use insulin and glucose, Intravenous drip is given to the patient during the operation, Maintain stable blood sugar. Check blood sugar level frequently after surgery. If you have the following problems, It may be difficult to control blood sugar: Difficulty in eating, frequent vomiting, poor mental state after surgery, reduced activity than usual due to diabetes, It may take more time for the wound to heal. If it is a larger operation, To be ready, you need to stay in the hospital for more days. Usually, Patients with diabetes spend more time in hospital than patients without diabetes. Observe for signs of infection, Such as fever, wound red swelling, hot pain or abnormal exudation. To prevent bedsore by turning over frequently. When lying in bed, often turn over and move, can get out of bed to often get out of bed activities. If the feeling of fingers and toes decreases, it is likely that you have bedsore but have not felt it yet. Remember, be sure to move more! When do you need to call a doctor? Please also contact a doctor as soon as possible if there are any problems with surgery or anesthesia. It is not certain that what drugs should be taken and what drugs should be stopped before operation. Suspect that you have an infection, such as fever, red swelling or pus discharge. Cooperate with doctors and communicate fully. Diabetes patients can also enjoy safe surgical treatment.