In daily life, the kitchen is a [high-risk place] for injuries. If you are not careful, you will be cut or scalded by cooking utensils or ingredients. How do you deal with such accidents? Is your handling correct?
What if I cut my finger?
Most people have had the experience of scratching their hands when cooking.
In most cases, the blood flow stops by itself when it is first-class. We can pay attention to protecting the wound. Sometimes, the wound is bleeding or the wound is on the joint, we may need to see a doctor. The rarest is to cut the artery, and the blood is almost spurted out. At this time, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
1. Treatment of small wounds
If the wound is very shallow and bleeding is not much, you can wash off the vegetable leaves or seasonings on your hands with warm water first, and then you can stick Band-Aid on the wound and wait for the wound to scab naturally.
Band-Aids can be torn off in a few days. If Band-Aids are wet and dirty during this period, remember to change them.
Note: If the wound has not healed after a few days, or symptoms such as redness, suppuration, or pain occur, then you need to see a doctor.
Please don’t believe what folk prescription, don’t apply salt, pickled food, powder and other strange things to the wound, because doing so, on the one hand, will be very painful, more likely to leave scars, on the other hand, may make the wound suffer from infection that could have been completely avoided.
2. You need to see a doctor at these times
- The wound is deep or at the joint. You can’t clean the wound; The wound is very deep, and you have not been injected with tetanus vaccine in 5 ~ 10 years. Scratches on the teeth, claws, etc. of animals.
3. Please go to the emergency department immediately if the following situations occur!
- The wound bleed badly. Blood is almost spurted out; After pressing hard on the bleeding place for 10 minutes, the blood was still bleeding.
What about a hot piece of skin?
Scalds in the kitchen are so common that they often appear in a small area on the back of the hand and the inner side of the wrist. Generally, the skin is red and stabbing, or obvious blisters appear soon afterwards. This is generally assessed as I burn and superficial II burn in medicine.
What you can do immediately includes the following:
STEP 1 Cool the wound to ease the pain
If the wound is not broken, soak the wound in cold water (instead of ice water) for at least 10-15 minutes until the pain is relieved. Or apply a clean cold and wet towel to the wound.
2. Prevent rings, bracelets, etc. from compressing swollen tissues
Before the wound swells, quickly and gently remove the ring and other tight items.
STEP 3 Don’t break the blisters
Blisters that do not exceed the size of small fingernails generally do not break by themselves. If the blisters break, clean the affected part with mild soap and clear water, and then apply gauze.
Step 4 Take some painkillers
If necessary, you can take over-the-counter painkillers.
If you find that the blisters are getting bigger, or the wound is red, swollen and painful, please see a doctor in time.
Very few times, we will be scalded by a pot of boiling water or hot soup, especially when children or the elderly suffer at this time, please call 120 immediately!
Remember, if the wound is continuously exuding liquid and the scalding area is large (such as the size of several palms), never immerse the wound in cold water, which will lead to serious body heat loss and blood pressure reduction, which is very dangerous.
However, if the skin is not damaged and exudates, even if the area is large, such as the whole arm, it should be soaked in a bucket immediately and see a doctor immediately. If it cannot be soaked, it is necessary to change the wet towel and cold compress continuously. In winter, wet compress and soak should pay attention to the warmth of other parts.
Note: Do not apply salt, soy sauce, toothpaste, scald cream, amethyst, iodine or anything to the wound, and do not apply amethyst or amethyst, which will affect the doctor’s judgment and bring inconvenience to medical treatment.
In addition, in the following situations, please call 120 directly or go to the emergency department!
- The skin is leathery or charred with white, brown and black spots. The blisters of burns or burns are close to a slap or even bigger of adults, or exudate liquid; Severe burns of hands, feet, face or genitals.
How Prevents Kitchen Trauma?
For the two most common types of injuries in the kitchen, the prevention of burns seems to be summed up in only two words, that is: