Many middle-aged and elderly friends have the problem of knee joint pain. Some people show persistent blunt pain in the knee joint, some have swelling of the joint, and some show sudden sharp pain during activities, resulting in [beating soft legs]. This is mostly the manifestation of osteoarthritis. In another article < < always knee pain, what should I do? > >, we introduced the related problems of osteoarthritis in detail. So, how to treat osteoarthritis?
Early conservative treatment
Early osteoarthritis should be treated conservatively, which can effectively relieve symptoms and delay the development of the disease.
1. Pay attention to the protection of articular cartilage
Try to avoid intense, excessive and heavy-bearing activities, such as repeated squatting, climbing stairs, walking long distances, lifting heavy objects, climbing mountains, etc. Obese people should control their weight.
2. Strengthen the muscles around the joints
For example, lie flat on the bed and practice leg lifting, straighten your legs, hook your feet, raise one leg to about 45 to 60 degrees (about 40 to 50 centimeters from the bed surface), stick to it for 10 to 15 seconds and then put it down, alternate your legs, do 3 to 4 at a time, and do it several times a day in the morning and evening, so as to strengthen the strength of quadriceps femoris.
Step 3: Analgesic
If the joint pain is obvious, it can be taken orally with anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, applied locally or injected into the joint cavity.
Step 4: Physiotherapy
If joint swelling is obvious, high-frequency physical therapy can be performed.
However, it should be emphasized that if osteoarthritis reaches the late stage and cartilage wear is very serious, conservative treatment is difficult to work again. If you want to relieve the pain, only surgery is available.
This kind of operation is called knee arthroplasty and is commonly known as knee arthroplasty.
In short, it is to remove the broken layer of cartilage thin and replace it with artificial one, with a wear-resistant gasket made of special plastic in the middle.
For example, suppose there is a table and the table top becomes potholed, we don’t need to throw away the whole table and replace it with a new one, but we need to remove the broken table top and replace it with a new table top, leaving the rest intact.
Some patients have special conditions, and only one articular cartilage is seriously worn. At this time, we can choose unicondylar surface plasty to obtain the same effect with less trauma.
We introduced this operation in another article: < < a cartoon tells you how to cure osteoarthritis > >. Interested friends can click on the article to continue viewing.
Responsible Editor: Cat Capricorn