Teenagers stand in front of people with straight backs and flat shoulders, giving people a feeling of vigor and vitality. If there are problems with the back (spine), such as bending (lateral bending), hunchback (kyphosis), and two shoulders are one high and one low, not only the appearance is ugly, but also there are potential health worries, which deserve parents’ attention! Is what scoliosis? The adolescent stage, that is, the stage from 11 to 18 years old, is physiologically puberty and is a period of rapid growth and development in one’s life. In terms of studies, it has gone through key periods such as primary school, junior high school, senior high school, junior high school and senior high school entrance examination. Parents are in the stage of youth to middle age, As the backbone of society, On the one hand, he is committed to his work, On the one hand, we pay attention to children’s study and further studies, There are also old people to take care of. With limited energy, Taking into account many aspects, It is often easy to ignore a common recessive disease among adolescents-adolescent scoliosis. Adolescent scoliosis is a common disease among adolescents. About 1-2 out of every 100 adolescents suffer from the disease (discussed in this article, It is mainly adolescent idiopathic scoliosis). If the deformity is found when the child is severely deformed, Children will miss the best treatment opportunity. Surgical treatment not only brings pain and risks of anesthesia and surgery to teenagers, Economically, For families, It is also a big expense. 1. Normal spine: The spine is the central axis of the human body, As a higher creature, man can walk upright, The important role played by the spine, It goes without saying. The normal spine is straight from the front, Seen from the side, Due to the normal curvature of various parts of the spine, S-shaped. 2. Scoliosis: As the name implies, Scoliosis, Seen from the front, The spine is bent to the left or right, Deviate from the midline. The human spine is three-dimensional, So, scoliosis in three dimensions, It will be accompanied by rotation of the spinal structure. Therefore, Scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity. Early detection and treatment in adolescence, It is the most easily aggravated stage of scoliosis. Early detection and treatment, especially before the peak of children’s growth and development (boys change their voices and girls menstruate), provide valuable opportunities for doctors to take effective measures and reduce the risk of surgical treatment. 1. How to detect early? Parents should judge their children’s spine from the following aspects: (1) After the child is born, Pay attention to the presence of brown spots on the child’s body, Medically known as cream coffee spots, If so, You need to go to the hospital for further examination. Neurofibromatosis, So as to find early, early diagnosis and treatment. (2) Pay attention to whether there is hair and pigmentation in the lumbosacral part of the child. The presence or absence of a mass, If so, It is better to go to the hospital for further examination. Except meningocele and spina bifida. (3) Tell the child to bend forward, See if the bilateral backs are symmetrical. Typical scoliosis will occur [razor back], One side is high, One side is low. This condition can clearly indicate the existence of scoliosis, It is also the most commonly used method to screen scoliosis. (4) Children stand up, If you look at your shoulders from the front, Observe from the back whether the scapulae are the same height, Observe whether the dermatoglyphic folds on both sides of the waist are symmetrical. In any of the above three situations, It is suggested to see a doctor in the hospital. (5) The child stands up, Remove the coat, behind him, From top to bottom, Gently touch the whole spine with your fingers to see if it deviates from the midline. Infants and young children are found to be scoliosis, mostly congenital scoliosis, and it is recommended to make diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. (6) Observe whether the thoracic development of children is symmetrical. Some scoliosis will have abnormal ribs. (7) Girls are scoliosis more than boys (10: 1), the most common is to the right, parents can pay attention to. 2. How treatment? Specific treatment methods for adolescent scoliosis, According to the severity, softness, bone maturity, Make a comprehensive judgment. As a parent, a little understanding of the treatment principles is beneficial to discuss with doctors and formulate the best treatment plan for their children. (1) Mild adolescent scoliosis (scoliosis angle below 30 degrees) can be observed. Children can do back muscle exercise by: prone position, head and feet lifted up at the same time (swallow); Shoulders and upper limbs extend backwards alternately; Both hip joints and lower limbs are extended back alternately. Regular review at the hospital, Monitor the progress of scoliosis. (2) Moderate adolescent scoliosis (the number of scoliosis is between 30 degrees and 45 degrees), Use braces for treatment. Parents should pay attention to the fact that, The effect of brace therapy, Much depends on the time the child wears the brace. Monitor the child to wear it for 10 or 14 hours a day. It can reduce the possibility that children need surgery in the future. (3) Severe adolescent scoliosis (scoliosis number above 45 degrees), Due to the possibility of aggravating and affecting cardiopulmonary function in the future, surgery is generally recommended. The purpose of surgery is to correct deformity and realize spinal stability. For parents who really do not want surgery, they can also try to use braces. How to prevent scoliosis in adolescents? Prevention of disease, Emphasis is placed on diagnosis and treatment. We have targeted three types of scoliosis in adolescents. Explain it. 1. Congenital scoliosis, Formed in the 3rd to 6th weeks of pregnancy, The majority of couples of childbearing age correct their body and mind, Abstain from unhealthy living habits such as alcohol and tobacco, Folic acid supplementation (green leafy vegetables), Avoid exposure to toxic and harmful substances, In order to reduce the incidence of such diseases. 2. Idiopathic scoliosis, There are many causes, There are genetic factors, So early detection, early diagnosis and treatment. 3. Postural scoliosis, Then educate the child to sit upright, Avoid sitting for a long time, pay attention to changing postures in learning and do more outdoor sports. Teenagers are the peak period of growth and development, and are also the key period of aggravation and progress of scoliosis. I would like to dedicate this article to all parents and couples of childbearing age, hoping to make scoliosis teenagers learn and progress while straightening their backs and becoming pillars of the country and society.