Osteoporosis is a common disease among the middle-aged and the elderly, but prevention can be done well when one is young through reasonable diet and exercise. 1. Is osteoporosis an inevitable process from young to old? A: It can be said to be a natural manifestation of aging. But this kind of aging performance is not unchangeable. The average person starts at the age of 30, Each organ of the body will begin to degenerate in a series of ways. Bones are no exception, women happen faster. It is suggested to start to pay attention to the prevention of osteoporosis at the age of 30, including diet, exercise, etc. It is too late to prevent or deal with it when you are in your 40s and 50s. 2. You can not worry about osteoporosis before the age of 30, and you can start to pay attention to prevention after the age of 30? A: Osteoporosis basically does not occur before the age of 30, The osteoporosis we are talking about here refers to primary osteoporosis. The so-called primary osteoporosis is a phenomenon of natural decline of the human body without special reasons. There is also a condition of secondary osteoporosis, although youth may also lead to osteoporosis, such as hyperthyroidism. Long-term use of hormones; Long-term heavy drinking. These patients may develop osteoporosis before the age of 30, so more attention should be paid to prevention. 3. The incidence rate of osteoporosis in women is 6-10 times that in men. Why is there such a big difference? Answer: The probability of female patients suffering from osteoporosis is much greater than that of men. The main reason is: (1) the physiological differences between men and women: women around 50 years old after menopause, the reduction of estrogen level, the body will have a series of metabolic changes, resulting in imbalance of bone metabolism, leading to osteoporosis; (2) Men and women have different jobs in daily life: Men do more manual work and outdoor sports than women. It’s like saving money in the bank. If you save more money in the bank when you are young, When you get old, you can withdraw money from the bank. This is also one of the reasons for the different incidence of osteoporosis between men and women in old age. 4. Some people say that if a woman gives birth to a child, half of the calcium in her body will be lost, which is easy to cause osteoporosis and other bone problems. Is there any reason? A: This is definitely wrong. There is no scientific reason for this. Since ancient times, many women may have many children in their whole life. If they give birth to one child, half of the calcium in their bodies will be lost, and if they give birth to two children, will there be no calcium? However, pregnant women should supplement calcium and other nutrients through dairy products, bean products, etc. This is what they should do. 5. How do you judge whether you have osteoporosis? A: Osteoporosis patients may feel some discomfort, It usually happens to women over 50 years old or men over 60 years old. If osteoporosis occurs, they may feel sore back. Some elderly people can get up and be lifted up with a little force, which will lead to fracture of lumbar spine. This is caused by severe osteoporosis. 6. Osteoporosis may break accidentally. Will it also cause serious consequences for what? A: The most serious problem of osteoporosis may be fracture. Osteoporosis of the elderly is serious, take some things, carry a bag may fracture. However, if the leg or pelvis is broken, you cannot move. If you want to lie on the bed, a series of complications will come out, including bedsore, pneumonia, thrombosis, etc., which are serious and even fatal. 7. Is osteoporosis related to heredity? A: It has not been confirmed so far. But there may be regional differences. For example, Caucasians have more osteoporosis, Especially in cold weather. They go out by car, Also can’t bask in the sun, although they supplement a lot of calcium, but the incidence of osteoporosis is quite high. In contrast, although Africans are short of food and medicine, Africans suffer from osteoporosis relatively much less. Consider that they often exercise outdoors and get the sun. Another aspect of hard life may be the need to work, which may be a good prevention of osteoporosis. This reminds us once again that when we are young, we should exercise more, bask in the sun properly and accumulate bone mass. 8. Many women will go on a diet to lose weight. Is there a what relationship between weight loss and osteoporosis in women? A: This question should be considered from two aspects: (1) If you say that you are very fat, There are few sports, It is not good for the body, Especially for the bones and joints. For them, As long as reasonable weight loss, and to ensure that the diet structure is abundant, there is enough energy intake, this situation will not affect osteoporosis. (2) On the contrary, some people choose to diet, what also don’t eat or picky food, lack of body necessary nutrition, that will definitely affect the bone structure. 9. How do I know how much calcium is lacking, should I do the test? Answer: X-ray can be taken, and blood tests can also be conducted to check the concentration of calcium ions. The most recommended is to check bone mineral density, which is a more accurate method. 10. Calcium supplement is closely related to prevention of osteoporosis, which misunderstandings may exist for calcium supplement? Answer: Calcium supplement has many misunderstandings in patients: (1) Which kind of calcium is good to eat? A: In fact, science has proved that regardless of which calcium agent you eat, the effect is the same. We emphasize reasonable calcium supplement, not abuse calcium. (2) Is it good to eat only calcium? Answer: Prevention of osteoporosis or prevention of osteoporosis is not only by supplementing calcium, but also vitamin D. Vitamin D can promote the absorption of calcium in our intestinal tract and also promote the conversion of calcium. (3) Organic calcium is better than inorganic calcium? A: I can’t say that, Only for patients with atrophic gastritis, Or the elderly with dyspepsia, Calcium citrate and other organic acid calcium products are preferred to replace calcium carbonate. Because this kind of product does not need so much gastric acid to help calcium dissolve out and become ions. We still recommend supplementing it from diet, including drinking milk and eating some shrimps. For specific contents, please refer to this article: < < Supplementing calcium and preventing calcium loss, nutritionists teach you to eat this way > > 11. How to prevent osteoporosis? A: Women over 30 years old, It is suggested to go outdoors consciously. In addition, it emphasizes the balance of diet, don’t eat partial food, fish, eggs and milk. Although primary osteoporosis will not occur in the thirties, it needs this period of time to shape his bones through diet and outdoor sports. By the age of 45 or so, it is suggested that everyone can check the bone density and check it again every 10 years. 12. Which exercises are recommended to prevent osteoporosis? In terms of bone health, What we emphasize is that any movement, Do not increase the load on the joints, Such as climbing stairs, climbing mountains, Although it is good for the heart, But it is not good for our joints. Recommended Exercise: Swimming, cycling slowly, jogging, walking, etc. Add a little weight-bearing exercise of dumbbells and barbells to exercise muscle strength. It is also very good. Of course, playing football, basketball and volleyball can also be done. But the movement is conflicting, Avoid sports injuries. Young people can, It is not suitable for the elderly. Because the coordination of muscles and the stability of joints in the elderly are not so good, In this way, it is easy to cause accidental injuries during exercise, and the purpose of exercise cannot be achieved. For more information about the [exercise] prescription for osteoporosis patients, please click on this article to see: < < exercise] prescription for osteoporosis patients, proper exercise can make bones stronger and stronger > > 13. If osteoporosis occurs, how does the doctor treat it?