Diabetes has complications, can you still exercise?
Of course! And we should insist on exercising scientifically.
How do you exercise safely and effectively?
Different complications have different countermeasures. According to the different situations of various complications, Dr. Clove will explain them to you one by one.
1. Complications are heart diseases
If you suffer from diabetes and the complication is heart disease, you should avoid strenuous exercise, weight bearing and exercise in overheated or supercooled environment.
Recommended Exercise: Walking, doing daily housework, gardening and fishing, as well as stretching are also good choices. Try to exercise in a warm environment.
2. Complications are hypertension
Similar to heart disease, hypertension complications should avoid strenuous exercise, weight bearing and exercise that makes patients feel difficult.
Recommended Exercise: Walking, stretching and moderate intensity exercise are all good choices. Please remember to monitor blood pressure.
3. Complications are nephropathy
Or the same as above, avoid strenuous exercise.
Recommended sports: including walking, simple housework, gardening and swimming, etc. Please pay attention to the water temperature when swimming.
4. Complications were peripheral neuropathy
Patients may feel numbness in their hands and feet.
Avoid high-intensity, long-term and intense weight-bearing exercises. For example, long-distance walking and running should be avoided. Do not exercise in overheated or supercooled environment. In addition, do not carry weight-bearing exercises when foot injuries or ulcers occur.
Recommended Exercise: Light to moderate daily activities and low-intensity weight-bearing exercises (such as walking, cycling, swimming, etc.), try to exercise at a suitable temperature, and choose indoor activities if there are no conditions.
Once the ulcer on the foot heals, moderate exercise such as walking can be carried out. It is worth noting that for patients with complications of peripheral neuropathy, shoes must fit and foot examination must be done every day.
5. Complications were autonomic neuropathy
Common constipation, diarrhea, arrhythmia, erectile dysfunction, etc.
Don’t do complex and fast exercises to prevent syncope. If you want to start an exercise plan, consult your doctor first, which may require a test of exercise load.
Recommended Exercise: For light to moderate aerobic exercise, it is advisable to slowly increase the exercise time. In addition, please strictly follow the doctor’s advice.
6. Complications are retinopathy
Avoid strenuous exercise and heavy and strenuous exercise. Because holding your breath during weight-bearing or pushing exercise, muscle isometric contraction exercise and high-load exercise may cause retinal detachment.
Recommended sports: Low-load sports such as walking, cycling and water sports are also good choices, without heavy load, difficulty, or daily housework without head below waist.
7. Complications are peripheral vascular lesions
Avoid high-intensity exercise.
Recommended sports: moderate walking, moderate strength training, non-weight-bearing sports, swimming, cycling, etc. can be carried out between walking and rest.
8. Osteoporosis or arthritis
Avoid high-load exercise.
Recommended Exercises: Moderate daily activities, walking, water sports, resistance exercises and stretching exercises.
Responsible Editor: Fei Fei