In 2013, after a heated debate, the American Medical Association finally decided that [obesity itself is a disease]. The impact of obesity on health may be much more serious than we thought. Are you really [fat]? In life, We often distinguish fat from thin by weight, This method is simple but incorrect. Weight is affected by too many factors, Such as height, bone structure, muscle proportion, water content, etc. At present, Obesity in medical sense is defined by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, etc. BMI is the square of weight (Kg) divided by height (m), BMI ≥ 25 is overweight, While ≥ 30 is obesity. This standard is actually particularly arbitrary. Simple as it is, It is only applicable to European and American races that are stronger themselves. Therefore, there is a view that, There should be a more suitable demarcation point for thinner East Asians, For example, Chinese people with BMI ≥ 28 are obese. In addition, Waist circumference is also important, Thick waist circumference means that fat is mostly distributed in the abdomen, Abdominal obesity, This means that people have more visceral fat than thin people. Abdominal obesity is closely related to many cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. So when considering obesity, Also add waist circumference. For Asians, men > 2.7 city feet (90 cm) and women > 2.4 city feet (80 cm), even if the abdomen is obese. In short, under the premise of the same BMI, those with thick waist circumference are at greater risk of related diseases. However, many people call themselves [fat] at ordinary times, and many are not medically [fat]. What diseases are obese people prone to? 1. Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and obesity have a very large correlation, More than 80 percent of type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, Mild, moderate and severe obesity people are 2, 5 and 10 times more likely to develop diabetes than normal weight people respectively. Similarly, Dyslipidemia (as the saying goes, hyperlipidemia) such as high triglyceride, high cholesterol, And high blood pressure, It is also very common among obese people, especially abdominal obesity. After obese people lose weight scientifically, These conditions can be improved again. Therefore, Modern medicine packages obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, etc. into a package. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease obesity, Especially abdominal obesity, In addition to abnormalities in sugar and fat metabolism, It also increases the release of certain inflammatory factors, Lets the body be in a state of [inflammatory reaction] for a long time. In addition to causing the above-mentioned [metabolic syndrome], It will also greatly promote vascular endothelial damage, atherosclerosis, thrombosis, heart damage, etc. Furthermore, It increases the possibility of a large number of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, atrial fibrillation and heart failure. Doctors always warn patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in outpatient clinics to [lose their stomachs] [lose their weight], That’s why. If we do this before then, Perhaps there is a chance to avoid the pain of the disease. 3. Sleep breathing disorders Some obese people, Snoring is especially loud when sleeping, Sometimes snoring stops suddenly, The phenomenon of rumbling snoring again later. This does not mean that you sleep soundly. Most of the time they are still sleepy during the day. This may be a disease called obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome. Don’t underestimate this disease, Severe cases sometimes lead to sudden death. Obesity has been proved to be one of the main culprits of sleep breathing disorders. 4. Arthritis Obese people have a greatly increased risk of osteoarthritis. And not only on the joints that bear the weight, Non-load-bearing joints such as wrists and palms are also more likely to develop diseases than ordinary people. The study believes that, Obesity interferes with normal metabolism of bones and joints. 5. Gout Because obese people are prone to metabolic problems, So that gout is more common, Even from gout to kidney disease. 6. Cancer Obese people have a higher risk of various cancers than normal people. Especially liver cancer, breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, prostate cancer, etc. In addition, there are fatty liver, skin lesions, asthma and even erectile dysfunction… Obesity can be described as a risk factor for many diseases. Obesity impairs longevity. Obesity is related to so many diseases, will it eventually affect longevity? Scientists have studied the relationship between obesity and death in Europe and the United States. After finding BMI above 25, For every 5% increase in BMI, The death rate will increase by nearly 30%. Studies on Asian populations have similar results. However, the BMI demarcation point is 27.5. Therefore, the damage of obesity to health and life expectancy is obvious. Summing up the world is really unfair to fat people. Many viewpoints now believe that [fat] is not the opposite of [thin], but the opposite of [health]. However, one must not overcompensate! [Fat] also gets a certain shape to a certain extent. It is unhealthy [fat] to meet a certain standard, while [thin] is not necessarily good. For example, studies have found that after BMI is lower than 18.5, the mortality rate also increases sharply! In addition, there are some diseases caused by unscientific weight loss. Therefore, weight loss should also pay attention to science, not fat or thin is just right.