1. Osteoporosis is what?
Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in the middle-aged and elderly.
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease, which is mainly characterized by low bone mineral content, destruction of bone structure, reduction of bone strength and easy fracture.
Pain, hunchback, height loss and fracture are characteristic manifestations of osteoporosis. However, many osteoporosis patients often have no obvious feeling in the early stage of the disease.
Osteoporotic fracture is a brittle fracture, which usually occurs after daily weight bearing, activities, bending and falls.
Fracture is the direct consequence of osteoporosis, which affects the body function in mild cases and even causes disability or even death in severe cases. Common fracture sites are waist, back, hip and arm.
2. Harm of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is the fourth common chronic disease and the most common bone disease in the middle-aged and elderly.
Osteoporosis is called silent killer. Fracture is a serious consequence of osteoporosis, and is often the first symptom and cause of treatment for some osteoporosis patients. The mortality rate of hip fracture reaches 20% ~ 25% due to various complications in the first year after hip fracture. More than 50% of the survivors will have different degrees of disability.
The direct economic burden of a patient with osteoporotic hip fracture is 32,776 yuan per year. The direct economic burden of osteoporotic hip fracture in China is 108 billion yuan per year.
3. Etiology of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is affected by congenital and acquired factors. Congenital factors refer to race, sex, age and family history. Acquired factors include drugs, diseases, nutrition and lifestyle. Old age, menopause in women and sexual hypofunction in men are all the causes of osteoporosis.
4. High-risk groups for osteoporosis
People with the following factors belong to the high-risk group of osteoporosis: old age, female menopause, matriarchal family history (especially hip fracture family history), low body weight, low sex hormone, smoking, excessive drinking or coffee, less physical activity, calcium and/or vitamin D deficiency in diet (less light or intake), diseases affecting bone metabolism, and application of drugs affecting bone metabolism.
For more information about osteoporosis, please click on this content to see the album Osteoporosis
Responsible Editor: Cat Capricorn
The article is reproduced from the information disclosure website of the Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of